How the Civil Rights Movement Changed North Carolina and the USA

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Social Studies
African-American History

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How the Civil Rights Movement Changed North Carolina and the USA

James Meredith (People)

Josephine Boyd was the first colored student to attend GReensboro High. Everyday, she was tormented by hateful comments, rude gestures, and even her family losing thier jobs. Even though she was not a major figure in the Civil Rights Movement, she was the first coloered student to attened an all white school. She showed us that education is for everyone and that everyone should have access to education.

How the Civil Rights MovementChanged North Carolina and the US

The 1960's Civil Rights Movement affected life in North Carolina by improving rights for colored people, improved access to public places, and access to common public services.

The struggle to provide rights for housing and jobs for African Americans in NC and the US began with violent groups such as the Black Panthers and ended with non-violent groups like SNCC.

Civil Rights

African Americans were not allowed access to public places such as diners and public transportation. The bravery of people like Rosa Parks led to sweeping changes in society like the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Public Access

Education services for African Americans were supposed to be seperate but equal. The schools were not equal, so segregation was changed for integration with decisions like Brown vs. Board of Education.

Public Services

Black Panthers (Event)

The Black Panthers were an American activist group that supported all civil rights for every person in America. The group was founded by Huey B. Newtons, who later was the one who tried to disband the group. The Black Panthers were originally founded to support civil rights and give back to the African- American Community. They founded breakfast centers for children, helped black communitities and even kept the police in check. On May 2nd, 1967 they went to the state capital building of Californa to protest the limitations of gun rights for colored people by bringing guns to it. It showed people how the panthers were standing up for the Civil Rights. Yet with all the criminal and gang violence in the orgainization, it was later left to become a gang. Some members continued the civil rights, yet the group was never the same. The group impacted the civil rights movement by giving back to the colored communities and inspiring others to join the civil rights movement.

The Student Nonviolent Coordination Commity was an organization that helped the young colored people get involved in the Civil Rights movement. Founded in 1960, the group was commited to stay nonviolent as log as it could. It grew fast as it participated in numerous sit ins, freedom rides and even contributed to the march on washington. What it was most known for was Nationwide protests more so coming from it's founding city in Raleigh, NC. Never did they act out and some changed the rights for colored people in the state because of their participation. Though it later became violent due to its next leader, the SNCC showed how kids could contribute and make a change to something as big as Civil Rights.

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was signed by Lyndon B. Kohnson to give colored people thier rights. It stated that thier shall be no mistreatment of anyone no matter thier look or bieliefs and anyone who did could be jailed. This Act gave colored people thier rights and forced desegregation onto the South.

Edward Brooke (People)


Huey P. Newton (People)

Huey P. Newton was an African-American activist who was the original founder of the Black Panther organization. His main inttentions for the group was to not only help everyone in America recieve thier unalienable rights, but to help poor colored communities and protect them from unfair or racist treatment. Huey succeded, and established cafateria's for those in need an even an orphanage for African-American children. Yet as the group grew, violence raged out as Black Panther members started to beat up and even in one occasion murder racist people, including police force workers Huey tried as hard as he could to bring back the group, but it was too little too late. Many of the members were getting the wrong idea and the group was disbanded in fear of becoming a gang. Huey continued on with some of the group in civil rights movements yet never forgot his portion of the Black Panthers.

Rosa Parks (People)

An African American non-violent Civil Rights supporter. One day on the bus, a white man asked her to move out of her seat because he wanted to sit there. She refused and was arrested. She showed the nation how segregation was a problem and fought on for colored people's access to public services.

Edward Brooke was the first African American senator in the USA. He served tow terms and landed a landslide victory over his opponet. The majority of the votes weren't even from frican- Americans, an his opponet supported civil rights very strongly. Never the less, Brooke supported the civil rights movement, and put laws in place to be fair to all races. He put in place the Fair Housing act and Equail Oppertunitys Act. He supported and set up many fairn treatment acts for civil rights and helped America become more equal.

Sit ins were highly effective during the Civil Rights Movement. They showed how you could achieve your rights in a simple, nonviolent manner. They were first made in Greensboro NC. Four colored students went to sit down at a diner, but were refused service due to thier skin. Instead of acting out, the students sat at the diner, not ordering anything but completing homework until the diner closed. They had shown America the way to achieve civil rights and after six months of countless sit ins, non only at that diner, but at public laces around the nation, colored people were finally allowed service and or entrey. These non-violent sitin showed the true meaning of the Civil Rights movement and just how long they were willing to wait.

Sit Ins( NC)

Freedom Rides (Event)

Public Transportation rides preformed by African Americans. hen asked to move they refused no matter the consequence. Finally people gave in, earning colored people the right to access public transportation.

Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Event)

The Brown vs. Board of Education case is said to be the most pivital case for the Supreme Court. On oneside you have the Brown family wanting thier little girl to go to a great school. On the first day she is refuesed entry because of her skin and her parents sue the board of education. On the other hand, the board repeats thier statement, "we refuesed because we have policys, that did not violate our state laws. These people were in the wrong." In our time this is unbelieable and we all know what choice we would make, yet for the Supreme Court, it's not so easy. You see the South does have laws that handle this situation,on the other hand these laws violate the Constitution and the 14th amendment. So, what do you do, refuse the constitution and cause colored people to become angry nation wide and possibly revolt? Or do you refuse the states, and possibly start another Civil War? For the Supreme Court, they gave the rights to the Browns and started the Civil Rights Movement.

Brown vs. Board of Education (Event)

The Pearsall Plan was a legeslative document signed by the capitol of North Carolina in 1954-1956. It proclaimed that there would be equal educational access for all races in North Carolina. This document started the Civil rights movemnet in North Carolina and made our educational system what it is today.

Pearsall Plan (NC)


CMS Integration in 2012 (Event)


Josephine Boyd (People)

James Meredith was the first colored person to attend the University of Mississippi. His presence became so unwelcomed, that many students stood outside shouting hateful comments dating back to the CIvil War. To stop the revolts, President Kennedy sent 5,000 federa; troops to put down the revols. The troops and students clashed, but in the end Meredith stayed and became a huge figure for the Civil Rights Movement.

The UNC Charlotte Urban Institute looked at Charlotte Mecklenburg Schools student data and determined that 45% of CMS high school students in 2012 were black; 33% were white and 14% were hispanic. These numbers show that modern CMS schools are integrated.


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