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How Did We Ever Reach Mars?

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by ThePlatinumForgist
Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Engineering
Grade:
9

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How Did We Ever Reach Mars?

Distance from Earth to Mars: 140 million miles.

Mars Missions

Mars Reconnaisance Orbiter: Captures pictures of Mars with a powerful camera and collects resources with it's other five tools.

Mars Exploration Rovers: There are two Mars rovers on planet Mars right now. They have more mobility than the Pathfinder Rover made in 1997. These two Mars rovers are using equipment that was built into them to find water that may exist on Mars. The two Mars Rovers are identical, but they are exploring different areas of Mars.

Mars Express: The purpose of the Mars Express is to explore the surface of the planet’s atmosphere in polar orbit.

Mars Odyssey: The Mars Odyssey is a spacecraft that is orbiting Mars to find out the composition of the surface of Mars, to see if there is any water or ice buried in shallow ground. Also to study the radiation of the environment.

How did we ever reach Mars? Alexander Cart

10,000 years into the future, we might be living on the planet Mars! How is this possible though? There is a special science called Terraforming. Terraforming is where you go to a deserted area, in this case Mars, and completely change the terrain so people can survive and thrive. We would need to plant crops, and we would need metal and stone. How would we get these materials on Mars though? We wouldn’t be able to find plants on Mars, if that wasn’t obvious enough, so we would have to ship seeds that could be planted. However, rock and ore can be found. Near Mars, there is an asteroid belt that contains millions of asteroids. An asteroid could have up to hundreds of billions worth of dollars of platinum, and this is just a small asteroid.

According to the past, present, and future, there are 24 NASA missions.

A Mars Rover is a machine that roams Mars to collect rock samples and find any possible signs of water. A rover is a machine that has 6 wheels and is 2.3 meters wide by 1.6 meters long. It is designed to absorb shocks as it moves over the surface of Mars. Using an antenna, they are able to return information from Mars back to Earth where it is observed by NASA. The rovers have cameras that they use to take pictures of the landscape of Mars, and also so the scientists know which way to direct the Rover. The cameras are positioned in a human’s point of view, and it is able to see obstacles to maneuver around. A rover travels an average of 100 meters a day, but usually less to take time to observe surroundings. The rovers use solar panels to recharge their energy, and the rover usually lasts up to 90 days.

(VASIMRThe Variable Specific Impulse Magnetoplasma Rocket (VASIMR) is an electro-magnetic thruster for spacecraft propulsion. It uses radio waves to ionize and heat a propellant, and magnetic fields to accelerate the resulting plasma to generate thrust.One thing you may ask is what future spaceships should be able to accomplish. One obvious thing is being able to travel faster. Ever since the first American orbit around the Earth, all spacecraft has traveled at about the same speed, which is about 17,500mph. One way we could make travel faster would be the Variable Specific Impulse Magneto Plasma Rocket (VASIMR). Not only would this help us to travel much quicker, but it would have great improvements as well. For example, NASA believes that this device would help because if we were to use this rocket compared to a normal chemical powered rocket, not only would we be able to travel to Mars quicker, but when we got there, we’d be able to refuel. Also, VASIMR could help protect astronauts from the radiation during the trip. Lastly, the VASIMR could also keep the International Space Station in orbit without refueling.)

If I could choose between going to Mars or not, I would immediately have to say no. This is for a couple of reasons. The first one is that I’m very motion sensitive, whenever something speeds up, I begin to get scared. The second point is that even if life on Mars was successful, something could go wrong. Enemies could take territories on Mars as well, the climate could be too harsh, or plants could stop growing. My final point is that even if there was a way to get to Mars, it may not be easy at all. It could be expensive, up to billions of dollars, the ship could break down, and many other problems including death.

Some information that could be useful for future missions is: Would we be able to survive on Mars? Will the climate on Mars change? Can we create a way to ship valuable resources from Mars for profit or other benefits?


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