How Did That Happen

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by Mcnair
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World War I
Grade:
5

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How Did That Happen

How did That Happen?

WW1 Before and After-Many events happened that led up to the Great War, or as we call it, World War One. This timeline will tell you the order of the events that led to WW1.

1914

Nationalism and Imperialism

During the warTrench Warfare-Both sides of the war built trenches that were across from each other and had barbed-wire fences up in front of their trench, so no one could cross. Trenches were where the soldiers slept, and it was usually filled with rats. Each other's side would send poison gas over since they could not cross the barbed-wire. Some brave soldiers went right across "no man's land" and went over or through the fences and just attacked the other team's trenches and then moved on to take over the next trench.

Before the U.S. joined the warIsolationism-Isolationism in WW1 ment that the U.S. wanted to stay out of things and let other countries deal with their own problems. The U.S. was not the only country under the policy of isolationism, other countries like Denmark, Norway, Sweden.

During WW1German U-Boats-Germany was the first country to use submarines instead of boats on top of the water. There were 38 U-Boats of Germany's and Germany had a big advantage because the other boats that were on the water couldn't see the U-Boats below the suface.

May 7, 1915Lusitania-The Lusitania was a boat sent from New York to go to Liverpool. American citizens were on thes boat, and it was told that any boat going to the Europe region was a target for Germany's submarines. The Lusitania weighed 32,000 tons, and was believed by passengers to be able to outrun any boat above or below the surface, but nevertheless, the Lusitania sank from a torpedo by the Germans. This was yet another reason that led up to America ending up declaring war on Germany.

Early 1917Zimmerman Telegram-The United States had learned that Germany sent a telegram to Mexico that said that Germany would help Mexico get its land back from the U.S. if Mexico would join the war and help Germany. This is another reason of why we decided to declare war on Germany later on

August 4, 1914Great Britain-Belgium was also in the way on Germany's way to get to Russia, so they asked permission to cross through their coutry, but the king said no. Germany crossed anyway and invaded the country, so Britain, Belgium's ally, declared war on Germany because of what they did.

June 8, 1914

Conflict between Austria Hungary and Serbia

July 30, 1914

Russia Gets Involved

August 1, 1914

August 3, 1914

Germany and Russia

Germany vs. France/Belgium

Nationalism is the love of one's country and the wish for that country to be free from its ruling from another country. There were problems with this because European countries were competing at the time for land in Africa. Imperialism is trying to take over a ruling. This affected WW1because European countries like Britain, France, Germany, and Belgium were all fighting each other and scrambling to get the remaining land in Africa.

In between Russia and Germany was France. Germany had asked France if they anticipated om being in the war, but since they didn't give a clear enough answer, Germany declared war on France also.

Germany was allied with Austria Hungary and Germany demanded that Russia was to stay out of the war and not to fight. They also told them to disable their army, but Russia refused to do so and Germany declared war on Russia on August 1,1914.

Russia was a country that had a trade route from the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. Russians began to worry because the war between Austria Hungary and Serbia would interfere with their trade route through those countries. So, Russia joined the war on Serbia's side to defeat Austria Hungary.

Austria Hungary was in control by Serbia who believed it owned Austria Hungary. on June 8, 1914, a Serbian nationalist assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand who was next in line to the throne. This infuriated the country and Austria Hungary declared war on Serbia because of it.

April 2, 1917-On April 2, 1917, President Woodrow Wilson told Congress to deCentral Powers. Wilson contempted if being part of the war would make the world be suitable for a democracy. In the end, Wilson decided to declare war on Germany by Congress.


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