[2015] Enica Karin (Moin Civics 2): How a Bill becomes a Law

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[2015] Enica Karin (Moin Civics 2): How a Bill becomes a Law

How A Bill Becomes A Law

What is Bill Law?A bill is a proposed law under consideration by a legislature. A bill does not become law until it is passed by the legislature and, in most cases, approved by the executive. Once a bill has been enacted into law, it is called an Act or a statute.Introduced in House of Commons ( most ) or the Senate.

2 kinds of BillsPublic: relate to public policy and may be sponsored by a Minister (Government bill) or by a private Member (Members' bill). Private: benefit a particular individual or group.

ProcessFirst House: 1st reading 2nd reading committee report stage 3rd readingSecond House: royal assent

First HouseIf the first House is the House of Commons then the second House is the Senate and vice versa.A bill must pass through all the following stages, regardless of the House in which it was introduced, in order to become law.1st reading: formality whereby the bill is introduced to the House. The bill is then printed in its 1st reading form, often with explanatory notes.2nd reading: main principle and purpose of the bill is debated. If passed, the bill is then referred to a committee for further study.Committee: Committee members study the bill clause by clause. The committee may make amendments.Report Stage: members can propose further amendments to the bill.3rd reading: The House reviews the bill in its final form and then orders the printing of the 3rd reading bill. The 3rd reading copy includes any amendments made to the bill thus far.

Second HouseAfter the bill passed in the 3rd reading, the bill goes to the second house. Any amendments made by the second House however, must be agreed to by the first House or the bill does not become law. Royal Assent: Royal Assent completes the enactment process. Two ways:Governor General the deputy in a formal ceremony that takes place in the Senate before an assembly of both houses by written declaration

"Where royal assent is signified by written declaration, the Act is deemed to be assented to on the day on which the two Houses of Parliament have been notified of the declaration" ( from Royal Assent Act, S.C. 2002, c.15, s.5). When a bill receives Royal Assent it is given a chapter number for the Statutes of Canada.

Failed to Passnot all bills can become law.A bill called "dies on the order paper" means it doesn't pass the law. However, it will be reintroduced as a new bill, with a new bill number, in the next session of Parliament


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