Hotel Rwanda

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by Pravinth
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Hotel Rwanda

Setting and Background InformationHotel Rwanda takes place in Rwanda during the Rwandan genocide that took place in 1994. The Hutus were the majority of the citizens while the Tutsis were the minority. The genocide was carried out by the Hutus. During Germany's ruling of Rwanda, before World War One, the Germans separated the people of Rwanda into three groups. These groups consisted of the Hutus, the Tutsis, and Twas. The Tutsis were classifed by the Germans to be superior to the Hutus and the Twas because they had facial and body features that resembled European characteristics.After World War One , Belgium took over Rwanda and ensured the classification and order between the Tutsi and the Hutu. The citizens were required to get their group status stamped on their identity card.As Belgium was about to leave Rwanda later on, they put Tutsis in all the positions of the government. This caused tension in the Hutu community. The Hutus protested against the Belgians and demanded that they should have power in the government as well. After Hutus argued to the Beligians with the justification that they were the majority, Belgian gave the Hutus power in the government. This action uspet the Tutsis. This would start the hatred between the Tutsis and Hutus communties. From 1973 to 1993, Rwanda's president Juvénal Habyarimanaran ran a strict campain that restricted Tutsis from obtaining a role in the goverment. In 1973, President Juvénal Habyarimana changed this by signing the Arusha Accords. This allowed Tutsis to participate in the goverment. This action aggravated many Hutu extremists. On April 3, 1994, President Juvénal Habyarimana's plane was shot down from the sky. After 24 hours, Hutu extremists blamed the attack on the Tutsis. There is no proof to this day that it was the Tutsis that carried out this action. The Hutus immediatly took over the goverment and started the genocide that was to come. About 800,000 people, including men, women, and children, were killed during this genocide. At first, people were killed with guns, but bullets were expensive, so the Tutsis were then killed by hand. The Hutus offered Tutsis a bullet to the head if they paid for the bullet. The Hutus tortured many of the Tutsis, including women and children. Tutsi women were raped and other disturbing and violent things were done to them by the Hutu extremists. There was nowhere to hide. The Hutus searched hospitals, churches, schools, and Hutu homes for Tutsis. Hutus that tried to help Tutsis by hiding them in their homes were killed if caught. In the middle of July, 1994, the Rwandan Patriot Front, or the RPF took over Rwanda. It was a trained military group consisting of Tutsis. After the RPF took control of Rwanda, the genocide stopped. In only two months, Hutu extremists killed over 800,000 lives. The whole world basically watched this genocide play out. Like the Holocaust, countries around the world did not take a initiative to stop the genocide. They did not want to use money to send in troops or supplies necessary to stop the genocide. This occured in the Tamil-Sri Lankan genocide as well. Countries, including the United States of America, knew about the massacres that took place in Sri Lanka, but nothing was ever done to stop them. Certain Information Found From:

Freedom and Order in Society in Hotel Rwanda

How Both Texts Relate Concerning Freedom and Order in Society

Freedom and Order in Society in The Crucible

HOTEL RWANDABy: Pravinth Ravithas

The Tutsis and the Hutus were both Rwandans that spoke the same language, wore the same clothes, and shared the same culture, and religion. They both had the same rights as each other and everyone respected one and other. The only thing that could them apart was a slight variation in body features. No Rwandan ever thought of this distinction, before the Germans arrived in Rwanda. After the Germans classified the Tutsis as superior to Hutus, this relationship between the two groups changed. The two groups that shared a community, were now split in result of another country's action. This separation led to the genocide and the death of 800,000 Rwandans. The Germans, as well as the Belgians, thought that an order in society would help them reconstruct the Rwandan society and obtain power over Rwanda. This action limited the freedom of Hutus, because now they could not participate in the government. After the Belgians left, the positions of the Hutus and the Tutsis switched. The Tutsis were very angry because they thought that they were the chosen ones to rule the government, while the Hutus believed that since they were majority, they had the right to obtain all goverment positions. Creating an order in the Rwandan society restricted the freedom of the citizens, and caused internal conflict between the citizens of the nation.

As it can be seen through both the Crucible and the movie Hotel Rwanda, it is impossible to strike a balance between freedom and order in society. There will always be problems within a society if there is any type of order. It is not possible to have no order in society, because then there would be no way to maintain how citizens acted. In Hotel Rwanda a whole group of society, the Hutus, were placed above another group of society, the Tutsis. This caused turmoil for the people of Rwanda, and people started to believe that there was an injustice of freedom. In the Crucible, there was an typical order in society. The minister and judge of the town had more power over any other citizen. Others, including farmers, had less say and power in the community decisions. A person in the Salem community who had a high position or a lot of money could manipulate the decisions made by a individual or couple. This order in Salem caused the city to go on an absurd hunt for the deadly "witches". It can be seen that simple order in everyday society can affect people's view on freedom. Order was created in both societies to maintain peace and ensure safety of all citizens. The Salem had a minister and other high ranking officials to "prevent any kind of disunity that might open" destruction or chaos (Miller 1234). The same was for Rwanda. The Germans put the Tutsis at a higher position in society to keep themselves safe and the Rwandans under control. Order, also referred as organization in the Crucible, is "grounded on the idea of exclusion and prohibition" (Miller 1236). The people of Salem were repressed to follow the instructions of the high ranked officials. The citizens hated the people either above them or below them in terms of order. Citizens below the high class were excluded for community decisions. In Rwanda, when the Hutu's gained control of the government, Tutsis were excluded from taking part in the government. They were also prohibited by the Hutus to going to certain places and obtain high positions in society. Exclusion and prohibition of society always leads to issues involving freedom. Exclusion and prohibition of the Salem society turned into an opportunity for the citizens to express "long-held hatreds of neighbors" (Miller 1237). A person could get one killed for supposedly being a witch and "feel perfectly justified" (Miller 1237). The people of Salem found that by blaming their neighbors, they could get them arrested or even killed. The people of Salem who blamed innocent people with crime of witchcraft are almost like the Hutu extremists who started the Rwandan Genocide. The Hutu extremists of Rwanda blamed the death of their president Juvénal Habyarimana on the Tutsis with no clear evidence. This allowed them to start the mass murdering of Tutsis. The order in the Rwandan and Salem society caused people to form hatred for others in society relating differences in freedom. Order is necessary for the productivity and regulation of a society. Without order, nothing would ever be accomplished. If a society did not have order, it would turn out like a country that does not have a government. If there is order, then there will always be restrictions of freedom. With restrictions of freedom, some people will feel discriminated, while others will not. It is impossible to balance freedom and order in a society. They are two completely opposite things that are essential to a society. The difference of order and freedom in Rwanda was drastically huge, while the difference of order and freedom in Salem was some-what moderate. By analyzing both texts, that relate to different issues that take place in different time periods, it can be seen that it is impossible to strike a balance between these two key parts of society.

In the town of Salem, there were business men, preachers, housewives, farmers, and many more civilians. Like a typical town around 1700, Salem had order. People around this time period were also repressed to not say or do things in public. People who were rich or had high power could control how things worked in the community and could get others to believe in what they had to say. Because of order, people's suspicion and hate for others grew. As the accusations of witches grew, people could now eliminate their enemies reputation and their life. The people of Salem had the freedom to do everything they wanted to do inside of their home, but in public it was a different story. People could not speak against anyone in public. During the Salem Witch trials all of this changed though. People now had the right to accuse people of doing anything.


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