by QueenJenny9906
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AppaloosaLooksBlanket - white over the hip area with a contrasting base color; HistoryThe spotted gene in horses is as old as the species of equine. Cro-Magnon cave art depicts spotted horses, and spotted horses were often highly esteemed in Europe and Asia and were often included in 17th century Chinese art. In the United States, the Appaloosa was developed by the Nez Perce Indians who lived in Northeast Oregon along the Palouse river (northwest US). Historians believe the Nez Perce were the first tribe to breed selectively for specific traits, adhering to a strict, selective policy, keeping the best animals and trading away less desirable ones. The Nez Perce used Spanish horses "liberated" from the Spanish explorers (see the History of Mustangs for details) as their foundation stock, keeping those horses who carried the hereditary spotting genes. When the white man wiped out most of the Nez Perce tribe, its horses were dispersed to settlers and allowed to breed randomly. It wasn't until 1938 that a group of dedicated horsemen formed the Appaloose Horse Club to revive the breed.

LIPIZZANERColour Mainly grey or pure white. Sometimes brown or even black. Lipizzaner foals are always born dark colored, and gradually, with each change of coat, go lighter, until by the age of 4-10 they are pure white. However about one in 200 remain brown or black.Size1.55m - 1.58m (15.0hh - 15.3hh)

Quarter Horse CHARACTERISTICS This breed is well-known for it's stocky build, heavy muscling and compact appearance. There are two distinct types of Quarter Horses -- the old-fashioned "bulldog" type (the Foundation Quarter Horses) and the "racing Quarter", which looks more like a well-muscled Thoroughbred. They range in size from 14 to 16 hands. They are solid in color, with limited white markings. HISTORYThe history of the American Quarter Horse began in the early 1600's, when English Colonists crossed their imported stallions from the Hobby and Galloway lines of Ireland and Scotland on the native mares gotten from the Chickasaw Indians. The imported horses were noted for the speed and small compact build.

Mustang characteristicsMustangs are found in all colors and combinations, all sizes and builds. Most common are browns, bays, chestnuts, duns; 14-16 hands; slight in build. One very impressive working Bureau of Land Management Mustang was 18 hands. Mustangs are very tough, strong, agile, sound, quick to learn, and when you gain their loyalty, they follow directions easily. HistoryIn 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue and in the holds of his ships were horses. Sleek, desert-bred, hardy little horses. Over time, the explorers and their horses spread throughout the west. Wherever these newcomers settled, the missions, with their large herds of livestock, followed. The horse was highly prized by the Native Americans who liberated him from the Spanish.


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