Horace Mann

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by martivlasin
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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History

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Horace Mann

6 PRINCIPLES

-Known as the "Father of Public Education"-Abolish cruel floggining in schools-Saw education as a way for social mobility-Wanted state aid to education and teacher salaries (taxes)-Believed religious education belonged outside of the school-Admitted women into education-Established training programs for teachers, district libraries and enacted the first compulsory school attendance laws in America.-Led one of the most successful progressive social movement of the 19th century.

LEGACY & IMPACT

SOURCES

~http://www.biography.com/people/horace-mann-9397522~http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki Horace_Mann #Early_life~http://mises.org/daily/1679~http://www.mass.gov/portal/government-taxes/laws/interactive-state-house/inside-the-state-house/horace-mann.html~"Those Who Can, Teach"

BIOGRAPHY

Horace Mann

Horace Mann was born into a poor family on May 4, 1796. Throughout his childhood he made use of the public library by teaching himself through school. When he turned 20 years old he enrolled in Brown University as a sophomore and graduated in three years as valedictorian of his class in 1819. In 1830, Mann married Charlotte Messer, but she died two years later. In 1843, he married Mary Tyler Peabody. Horace and Mary had three sons named Horace Mann Jr., George Combe Mann, and Benjamin Pickman Mann.Mann practiced law until he won a seat in the Massachusetts House of Representatives, where he served from 1827 to 1833 and from 1835 to 1837. He served in the Senate as well and began reforming the education system. In 1837, the state created the first board of education, with Horace Mann as its secretary. He started a biweekly journal, Common School Journal, in 1838 for teachers and lectured on education to all who would listen. He targeted 6 main principles regarding education, which are still being used today. Mann served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1848 to 1853. After some time in politics Mann was chosen as the president of the newly established Antioch College at Yellow Springs, Ohio. Unfortunately Mann collapsed after just establishing himself in Ohio. He died in the summer of 1859.

"Be ashamed to die until you have won some victory for humanity.”

1.Citizens cannot maintain both ignorance and freedom2. This education should be paid for, controlled, and maintained by the public3. This education should be provided in schools that embrace children from varying backgrounds4. This education must be nonsectarian5. This education must be taught using tenets of a free society6. This education must be provided by well-trained, professional teachers.


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