Human Rights Issues-Diamond Mining in Africa

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by harleejanessa
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Resources & Tools
Subject:
Citizenship
Grade:
10

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Human Rights Issues-Diamond Mining in Africa

Africa is the second largest landmass and holds the second largest popluation, 15% to be more specific. Many exoctic plants and animals call Africa home do to its extremely geographical diversity. Unfortunatly, Africa is also a very poor country. Many people have nothing to show for their lifetime of back-breaking work. Many people live in mud huts and have limited access to clean water and have no sanitation. The avergae life expectancy is 58 years old. For women it is 59 years and men are expected to live to be about 56 years old.

Human Rights Issues

Diamond Miningin Africa

Article 23.(1) Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.(2) Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.(3) Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.(4) Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.Article 24.Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.

In Africa, rebel forces use blood diamonds to fuel brutal wars. They use the diamonds to earn profits to buy arms by selling the jewels to internation diaomnd dealers. 4 million people have died and millions have been displaced due to the rising confilcts associated with diamond mining. The diamond fields are stricken with chaos and instability. Hundreds of thousands of men and children dig for diamonds in dangerous, dirty, and difficult conditions for less than a dollar a day. Africa is a place that is rich with diamonds but is still extremely poor and the citizens are not benefitting from these riches.

Blood Diamonds

Africa might have been extremely successful but we will never know because of the ways globalization affected it in the past. Many of Africa's problems and wars today are the result of Eurocentric decisions made in the past. The country was and is being exploited for all its resources. Africa has many political and societal problems that are related to historicial globalization that need to be sovled before things will get better.

Even under the best conditions, the mines are full of risks including landslides, caving walls and drowning.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights states:

In 2003, the African government formed an organizaion called the Kimberely Process in attempt to stop the flow of blood diamonds. Around the world citizans can help stop the selling blood diamonds by looking for a Kimberely Process label on the diamonds they buy.


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