Homo Neanderthalis Project

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Homo Neanderthalis Project

Physical Features ofNeanderthal People

The first Neanderthals appeared 200,000 years ago.

100,000 years ago Neanderthal people had larger brains and were more skillful than the early Neanderthals.

30,000years agoNeanderthal people died out.

Misconceptions about Neanderthals • They did not talk • They were really hairy • They commonly used clubs • They walked like chimps • They mainly lived in caves • They had ape like faces • They did not bury their dead • They had no empathy • They were Homo Sapiens direct ancestors

Neanderthals were generally shorter, and had more robust skeletons and muscular bodies than modern humans. They had angled cheekbones and noticeable wide brow ridges. Males were an average height of 5 foot 5 inches tall and females were an average of 5 foot 2 inches tall.

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Neanderthal people first appeared around 200,000 years ago in southeast Africa and southern Europe.

By: Himmat and Joban. S

NeanderthalSkeletal Features • Optical Buns Are More Common • Receding Chins/Foreheads • Large Front Teeth • Large Eye Sockets • Protruding Brow RidgesModern Homo SapienSkeletal Features • Delicate Skulls • More Rounded Skulls • Brow Ridges Protruding Less • Optical Buns Are Less Common • High Foreheads • Pointed Chins

Remains of Neanderthal people have been found across Europe and the Middle East.

Neanderthal people lived in caves, but they mostly lived in huts made from branches and animal skins.

Neanderthals walked upright, and had hands, feet and body forms similar to early modern humans. They had a big brain, like we do. Based on the bone structure, they had powerfully built arms, legs torso, teeth and jaws.

Life as a NeanderthalNeanderthals had to endure living in very cold climates. They hunted woolly mammoths, which provided meat and skins to keep them warm. They were skilled at making tools such as hand-axes; they were smaller and easier to use than the hand-axes made by Homo Erectus. They also made side-scrapers which were used to clean fat from animal skins from which they obtained. Neanderthals cooked meat on flat stones. They lit the stones on fire. Once they cleared the fire off the stones, they roasted the meat on the hot stones. Neanderthal people lived in caves and huts. Occasionally they built their huts inside caves or under overhanging rocks. Neanderthals made clothes from animal skins which was a five step process.

Neanderthal Clothes MakingStep 1: Remove the fat from the inside of the skin.Step 2: Peg skin taut on ground and clean with stone scraper.Step 3: Dry skin in smoke from fire. (This keeps the skin soft and leathery).Step 4: Pierce holes in the skin with a stone borer.Step 5: Wrap yourself in the skins and thread leather thongs through the holes you have made to join the edges of the skins. You can also bind your feet in skins as well.

Homo Neanderthalis

Neanderthal people hunting strategiesThe very oldest Neanderthals were likely scavengers, who recovered food from other hunting animals. However, by the late Middle Paleolithic, Neanderthals are thought to adapt with using a spear in close-quarter hunting strategies.

Neanderthal Man Facts • Lifespan of 30 years • Weight is approximately 160 pounds. • Neanderthals had an average brain size of 1500 cubic centimetres. • Neanderthals were omnivores and their diet mainly comprised of bison, deer, ox, mammoths, berries and nuts. • It is unknown what language the Neanderthals spoke. • Neanderthals made tools from stones and animal bones. • Neanderthals were one of the early Homo Sapiens. • The first Neanderthal fossils were found in Europe in 1829.

Neanderthal Man - Homo Sapien SimilaritiesSome things Homo Sapiens may have inherited from Neanderthals are: • Optical buns • A pointed nose • Reddish cheeks • Wide fingers and thumbs • Freckles • Red hair • Large eyes • Straighter and thicker hair

45, 000 years ago Neanderthals crossed paths with Homo Sapiens.


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