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Social Studies
Jewish History

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Definition: destruction or slaughter on a mass scale, esp. caused by fire or nuclear war; the mass murder of Jews under the German Nazi regime during the period 1941–45.

Anti- Semitism : the intense dislike for and prejudice against Jewish people

Nuremburg Laws


Concentration Camps

After the German army invaded the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, a new stage in the Holocaust began. Under cover of war and confident of victory, the Germans turned from the forced emigration and imprisonment of Jews to mass murder. Special action squads, or Einsatzgruppen, made up of Nazi (SS) units and police, moved with speed on the heels of the advancing German army. Their job was to kill any Jews they could find in the occupied Soviet territory. Some residents of the occupied regions, mostly Ukrainians, Latvians, and Lithuanians, aided these German mobile killing squads by serving as auxiliary police. The mobile killing units acted swiftly, taking the Jewish population by surprise. The killers entered a town or city and rounded up all Jewish men, women, and children. They also took away many Communist party leaders and Roma (Gypsies). Victims were forced to surrender any valuables and remove their clothing, which was later sent for use in Germany or distributed to local collaborators. Then the killing squad members marched their victims to open fields, forests, and ravines on the outskirts of conquered towns and cities.There they shot them or gassed them in gas vans and dumped the bodies into mass graves.



- Approximately 5 million people of other groups were killed by the Nazi regime.

Resistance to Nazi oppression of the jews

Life in the Ghettos

The Final Solution


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