Holocaust Survivor: Eva Galler

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by hernandezju2014
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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Historical biographies
Grade:
8

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Holocaust Survivor: Eva Galler

Eva was born in a little city named Oleszyce, Poland . Her community consisted of 7,000 families, half of them were Jews. Eva's father, Israel Vogel, was the head of the Jewish community, the head of the Kehillah. Her mother had lost four children. Her mother refused to move out of their main house until the Belzer Rabbi blessed Eva. It was said that he gave Eva a special blessing. Her father had a business of distributing religious articles. Eva's mother, Ita Prince, was an orphan. The family her mother lived with was very poor. Her mother was 18 and her father was 34. They put her mother and father together becauses Evas Father was rich. Eva's father was a widower he had six children. Her mother had a total of 8. Eva was the oldest. The Jews and the non-Jews in her town did not mix socially, only in business. Eva's father did not want her to go to highschool but Eva really wanted to go so she stayed in her room and tryed straving herself until her dad let her. She still had one year to finish highschool but her father could not continue his business because the Russians did not permit the practice of religion. As the oldest child Eva had to take a job to support the family. Jobs were hard to get. The Russians gave the first jobs to poor people and to working people. Because her father was considered a rich businessman, he was called a capitalist. As the daughter of a "capitalist"she could not get a job. So she wrote a letter to Stalin. Eva wrote him that they were a large family and her father was elderly. She received a reply from his office, and she was given a job. They wrote it up in the local newspaper. She started out as a secretary and advanced to assistant assessor in the local internal revenue office.They did not expect anything to happen. June 1941 they went to sleep.and at about 6 o'clock Sunday morning they heard gunshots and went out to see what was happening. German motorcycles were going down the main street. Soldiers were shooting right and left. Whoever was on the street was killed right away. This is when their problems began. The Jews were not permitted to keep a job. People started to trade their belongings with the farmers for food. Potatoes and flour were more important than money. If someone had savings in the bank, all the money was confiscated. If someone had cash at the house, it did not last too long. Best off were the people who had stores and who could hide the merchandise.

"The last thing my father told me as he pushed me from the train was "You run. I know you will stay alive, you have the Belzer Rebbe's blessing." He was very religious and he believed this. "

Born: Jan. 1, 1924

Websites and Links:holocaustsurvivors.org

Holocaust Survivor

Eva Galler

Died: Jan. 5,2006


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