[2015] Montana Eagle: Holocaust

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by piperlyn
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World War II
Grade:
8

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[2015] Montana Eagle: Holocaust

Warsaw GhettoOctober 12, 1940 – May 16, 1943Warsaw is the capital of Poland, and in WII Germany’s dictator Hitler stormed into to Poland and took over the country. Warsaw Poland was heavily populated with Jewish people. Soon after Hitler took over Poland, the Warsaw ghetto was built. An area of only 1.3 square miles was supposed to house a population of over 400,000 Jewish people. From right to left innocent people men, women, and children were sent to extermination camps, labor camps, and concentration camps. All eventually would die in these camps and only a lucky few would survive. The space was so tight that up to 7 people lived in a tiny, usually strangers. Due to the tight spaces disease spread quickly throughout the ghetto. The food rations were often small which lead to smuggling and stealing. Over 83,000 Jews died of disease and starvation. Warsaw Ghetto’s UprisingJuly 28, 1942Nazi soldiers were non-stop deporting Jews to camps and were murdering them in the ghetto, this caused an uprising , Jewish underground organizations created an armed self-defense unit known as the Jewish Combat Organization (Zydowska Organizacja Bojowa; ZOB), and Jewish Military Union (Zydowski Zwiazek Wojskowy; ZZW) worked together to oppose the Nazi power. The groups were able to obtain a small amount of weapons such as pistols and explosives, from Home Army contacts. German forces ended up winning and seizing 6,500 Jews and deporting them to the killing centers.

The Beginning of GhettosThe Reich Security Main Office obligated that Jews living in towns or villages would be moved to bigger cities. The goal of this action was to make the Jews do manual labor in the German factories. They were housed in the poorest neighborhoods, then eventually they became known as "sealed ghettos". Sealed Ghettos were closed in by walls, and fenced in with barbed wire. Some bad conditions in these ghettos were starvation, little to no food or water, and unheated housing.

Destruction ghettos are very deadly. A destruction ghetto is heavily guarded and tightly sealed off by barbed wire. Jews had about 2-6 weeks in these ghettos. Jews were put in these ghettos whenever the Nazis (Hitler) decide to send them off to killing camps. These ghettos existed in Soviet Union, Lithuania, Ukraine, and Hungary. In Hungary the ghettos never started until the spring of 1944. The RSHA concentrated nearly 440,000 Jews from all over Hungary except for the capital city of Budapest. Then they deported them to German custody at the Hungarian border. The Germans deported most of the Jews to Auschwitz-Birkbenau killing center.

The first ghetto in the Holocaust was established in October of 1939 in Piotrkow Trybunalski, Poland. Throughout the next four years the Nazis established over 1,000 ghettos in major cities of the countries they took over. Some of these cities were Lodz, Lublin, Vilna, Krakow, and Minsk. One of the ghettos was in Warsaw, Poland. This ghetto was very crammed, holding a third of its population of over 400,000 people on only a 1.3 square mile area. Warsaw was a city that was a major part of Jewish life that consisted of 30% of the Jewish population. The Warsaw Ghetto was also where the first uprising took place.

Holocaust

A period of time during World War 2, where a Dictator named Adolf Hilter came into power. His horrifying wish was to exterminate all Jews, Gypsies, Gays, Disabled and many more. But before their time came, they were put in these discusting, overcrowded houses called Ghettos.

1939

October1939

Women and Children: GhettosOut of the many Ghettos in the Holocaust, the most horrifying one towards women and children were the Prisoner-Of-War sites. In these sites pregnant women were forced to abort their child, or after the baby was born the Nazis would eliminate or kill the child. Then there is the Brothel Ghettos. These Ghettos are where Nazi personnel raped women. This lead to the spread of disease, that many Jewish women died from, and also disease from the living conditions on which they went through.Learning of the conditions from both different Ghettos, the women and children had dreadful lives. Suffering from the disgusting and disturbing complications of Ghettos.

Late 1940

1940

1944

Ghettos

Holocaust ghettos

Jews have, for centuries face persecution and prejudice people before the holocaust. They were forced into ghettos before the holocaust but the holocaust Nazis ghettos were less humane with terrible conditions and in these ghettos people were treated like objects things not living human beings. The holocaust ghettos were transition areas where they would go from the ghettos to concentration camps or extermination camps, but sometimes they wouldn’t bother sending them to extermination camps and would just shoot them right there and then. Ghettos were also used as a method to isolate Jews from the rest of society to keep up public image and it would make it easier to get rid of or exterminate them. To keep up public image the created the Theresienstadt ghetto in northeastern Czechoslovakia to counter rumors about the terrible conditioned ghettos (which were true). This ghetto had flower gardens, cafes and schools for visiting Red Cross inspectors and for propaganda films so they would keep supporting Hitler, although this was used a facade it was still used as a transition area were they sent them to concentration camps. At the end of the holocaust though, when Hitler and his Nazis Party were losing the war they started killing off more and more people each day. They killed more and more people because of many reasons not enough food or cause they were scared and losing. Then their fearless Nazi leader killed himself and there wasn't really anyone left in the ghettos. Nazi soliders ran and there wasn't many peolpe becaue they either died or were sent of to concentration camps.

Resources:www.youtube.comwww.ushmm.orgwww.holocaustresearchproject.orgwww.history.comWWII Almanac By George FeldmanTorn Thread by Anne Isaacs

Late 1944

Torn ThreadAnne IsaacsIn the book Torn Thread by Anne Isaacs it talks about two girls, Eva (twelve) and Rachel (fourteen) who survive two years of hard labor in a labor camp in Czechoslovakia. Before being sent off to this camp Eva, Rachel, and their father were forced out of their comfortable home and were put in a tiny attic in a Jewish ghetto. Eva always had a constant fear that the Nazis would take her father and sister away and she would never see them again. In the tiny room that the family had to live in, they had special hiding spaces so when the Nazis came they were able to hide. While enduring this Rachel became very ill and weak due to the crowded spaces and little food.One day Rachel went out to go to her aunt’s, that lived in the ghetto as well, but while walking there Nazis soldiers took Rachel and sent her off to a work camp. Now separated Eva was in total fear of if her sister is okay or even alive. Eva’s father decided it was best to send Eva to the camp as well before the Nazis send them to a far worse camp.Eva endured a three day train ride in crowded space, no food, no water, and unbearable heat. Finally as the train arrived at the camp Eva was forced to walk miles to the camp, by doing this, it resulted into blisters on her heels and exhaustion. Finally when she arrived at the camp she was on a frantic search for her sister. After a while Rachel ended up finding Eva sitting on a bench tired out. Rachel tried to give Eva whatever food she had left and some water, but soon realize that there was a surprise inspection. All the girls had to line up in the halls while the head Frau Hawlik, head of the camp, inspected them. For months on end Eva, Rachel, and a whole bunch of other girls worked at a factory spinning thread and making fabric for the soldiers. During this period of two years one of the workers named Kayla and a few other partisans began two sabotage the fabric by putting a chemical that would make it weak, so the soldiers clothing would eventually disintegrate , Eva refused to join this rebellion because she wanted to protect Rachel , who was getting even more sick.Towards the end of the war the guards were being to neglect the workers, by not feeding them or emptying out the latrine. So because of that, disease became ramped and Rachel was covered in bed bugs and had a burning fever. Occasionally guards would come and take the dead bodies and burn them, sometimes they’d accidently take people who were sleeping but seemed dead. A couple of girls were able to kill a guard to enter outside. Eva was able to get to Frau Hawlik’s quarters but soon realized it was already ransacked. After a few weeks of total neglect the Soviet Union came and rescued the girls at the work camp. They provided food, water, and even new mattresses. Eva and Rachel along with many others were finally free. When they return home they were informed that their Farther and family were sent off to Auschwitz and killed. Today, Eva and Rachel live in Canada with their husbands. Both had children and the author of this book is married to one of Eva’s sons.The connection I made with this story and the Holocaust Ghettos is that the people who were in it were deprived of their humanity, food, and water. Just like Eva and Rachel, many were crowded in tight spaces and were in constant fear of the Nazis.


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