HIV Nurtition

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by ojcewe23
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health

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HIV Nurtition

Risk Factors:"The prevalence of HIV is higher among gay and bisexual men and among black and Latino men and women, members of these groups are more likely to encounter partners who are living with HIV" (CDC).Other risk factors include:-Have piercings and/or tattoos-History of prolonged drug use -Sexual active with multiple partners-Lack of contraceptives eg. condoms

Diagnostic Testing:-Getting an HIV test is the only way to know for sure if you have contracted the disease.-The most common test reformed is the anti-body screening test. This test can be preformed on blood or oral fluids (excluding salvia).-Other tests include: radid test, follow up diagnostics testing, home access HIV test system, OraQuick, and RNA test.

Nutritional Guidelines: -Maintain a diet high in vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and legumes-Choose lean, low-fat sources of protein-Limit sweets, soft drinks, and foods with added sugar-Include proteins, carbohydrates, and small amounts of good fat in all meals and snacks

Prevention Tips:-Abstinence is the best way to prevent the spread of HIV infection. If abstinence is not possible, use condoms whenever you have sex whether it is vaginal, anal, or oral.-Do not share drug equipment or items that may have your blood on them such as; needles, syringes, razors or toothbrushes.

"HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It is the virus that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or AIDS. Unlike some other viruses, the human body cannot get rid of HIV. That means that once you have HIV, you have it for life" (CDC).

HIV NurtitionBy: Andrea Hinshaw & Olivia Cewe

Additional Nutrition Information

Age Considerations

Interventions:Monitor daily weight and intake and output.•Monitor dietary habits and serum albumin levels.•Teach the importance of a nutritionally balanced diet and maintaining adequate fluid intake.•Assess for S&S of disturbed body image and then suggest strategies for coping with anorexia and nausea.•Provide dietary consultation referral.•Encourage oral care before and after meals.•Assess bowel sounds and monitor elimination pattern.•Monitor for signs of dehydration, such as poor skin turgor, oliguria, and orthostatic hypotension.•Increase fluid to 2500 mL daily.•Use strict aseptic technique for all invasive procedures.•Teach avoidance to exposure of infections or people with known illenesses.•Encourage physical exercise.•Educate and ask for questions about diagnosis of HIV•Teach safer sex practices and other measures to prevent HIV transmission.Provide appropriate pharmalogical measures as ordered

Complications:-Wasting syndrome can be seen as loss of at least 10 percent of body weight, followed by diarrhea, chronic weakness and fever. - Neurological complications: S&S confusion, forgetfulness, depression, anxiety and difficulty walking. One of the most common is known as AIDS dementia complex, which leads to behavioral changes and diminished mental functioning. -Kidney disease: HIV-associated nephropathy is an inflammation of the filters that remove excess fluid and wastes from your bloodstream excreted by your urine.-Secondary Diseases:Tuberculosis, Cytomegalovirus, Candidiasis, Cryptococcal meningitis, Toxoplasmosis, Cryptosporidiosis

Assessments:-Anorexia-Emotional Distress-Weight loss-Skin breakdown-Oral sores/lesions-Difficulty swallowing-Neuro assessment (confusion and/or dizziness)-Altered tastes-Sexual Dysfunctions-Impaired mobility

References:HIV/AIDS. (2015, May 15). Retrieved October 14, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/Operario, D., Gamarel, K. E., Grin, B. M., Ji Hyun, L., Kahler, C. W., Marshall, B. L., & Zaller, N. D. (2015). Sexual Minority Health Disparities in Adult Men and Women in the United States: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2010. American Journal Of Public Health, 105(10), e27-34 1p. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2015.302762Sticka, K. (2015, January 14). Nutrition Management for HIV. Retrieved October 8, 2015, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qbdRcKptKAQ


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