HIV/AIDS

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by Dball7663
Last updated 6 years ago

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Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health

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HIV/AIDS

What is the Procedure?Antibody Tests- Most common HIV test, looks for HIV Antibodies instead of HIV itself.Enzyme immunoassay (EIA)-Can take up to 2 weeks. Rapid HIV antibody tests-results can take 10 to 20 minutesAntigen Tests- Not as common as antibody tests, but they can be used to diagnose HIV infection earlier -1-3 weeks after infection. PCR Test (Polymerase chain reaction test)- detects the genetic material of HIV itself, and can identify HIV in the blood within 2-3 weeks of infection.Who should be tested?Women:*A sexually active woman AND not in a long term, mutually monogamous relationship *A sexually active woman 25 years old or younger *A woman who is pregnantMen:*A sexually active man AND not in a long term, mutually monogamous relationship*A sexually active gay or bisexual man and NOT in a long-term, mutually monogamous relationship*Any person seeking STD testing or treatmentNormal Test Results are HIV Positive or HIV Negative Abnormal Results should be followed up by further testing

1) Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs)2) Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)3) Protease inhibitors (PIs)4) Entry or fusion inhibitors5) Integrase inhibitors

Acute HIV

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HIV/AIDS Treatments

HIV/AIDS

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  • abbas2015 6 years ago

    abbas2015's avatar

    AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which originated in non-human primates in Sub-Saharan Africa and was transferred to humans during the late 19th or early 20th century.
    Two types of HIV exist: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is more virulent, is more easily transmitted and is the cause of the vast majority of HIV infections globally.[1] The pandemic strain of HIV-1 is closely related to a virus found in the chimpanzees of the subspecies Pan troglodytes troglodytes, which lives in the forests of the Central African nations of Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Republic of Congo (or Congo-Brazzaville), and Central African Republic. HIV-2 is less transmittable and is largely confined to West Africa, along with its closest relative, a virus of the sooty mangabey (Cercocebus atys atys), an Old World monkey inhabiting southern Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and western Ivory Coast.