History of the Tank

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by MaksV21
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Inventors and Inventions

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History of the Tank

Light tank Renaut ft-17

Heavy tank -Tiger 1

Heavy tank - IS

History of the tank

A British Mark I tank in action on 26 September 1916 (moving left to right).

T-90 Main Battle Tank

M1A2 "Abrams" Main Battle Tank

The history of the tank began in World War I, when armoured all-terrain fighting vehicles were first deployed as a response to the problems of trench war fare, ushering in a new era of mechanized warfare. The tank was originally designed as a special weapon to solve an unusual tactical situation: the stalemate of the trenches on the Western Front. "It was a weapon designed for one simple task: crossing the killing zone between trench lines and breaking into enemy (defences).The armoured tank was intended to be able to survive artillery bombardments and machine-gun fire, and pass through barbed wire in a way infantry units could not hope to, thus allowing the stalemate to be broken. Though initially crude and unreliable, tanks eventually became a mainstay of ground armies. By World War II, tank design had advanced significantly, and tanks were used in quantity in all land theatres of the war. The Cold War saw the rise of modern tank doctrine and the rise of the general-purpose main battle tank. After World War II, tank development continued. Tanks would not only continue to be produced in huge numbers, but the technology advanced dramatically as well. Medium tanks became heavier, their armour became thicker and their firepower increased. This led gradually to the concept of the main battle tank and the gradual elimination of the heavy tank. Aspects of gun technology changed significantly as well, with advances in shell design and effectiveness. Many of the changes in tank design have been refinements to targeting and ranging (fire control), gun stabilization, communications and crew comfort. The tank still provides the backbone to land combat operations in the 21st century.

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