History of the Library

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by jamilunn
Last updated 5 years ago

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Subject:
Librarians & Library

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History of the Library

300 BCE- the Alexandrian Library was founded by Alexander the Great, and destroyed around 415 AD. It was THE repository of ancient wisdom and knowledge.Collectors were sent to all parts of the world to gather and copy volumes. The first librarian was Zenodotus (234 BCE)The Greek scholar Eratosthenes discovered the system of latitude and longitude and made significant contributions to astronomy. Eratosthenes was also the chief librarian of the Great Library of Alexandria. 742-814 - Charlemagne decrees that all schools should have libraries

History of the Library

People, Places, Things and Events

Time Line

200 BCE

1400 - Vatican Library Opened1500's - Sir Thomas Bodley rebuilt Humphrey's library at Oxford, renamed the Bodlean Library and today ranks as the second largest in Britain.1600 - University Libraries Began Appearing1627 - Gabriel Naudé wrote the first textbook on library science: Advice on Establishing a Library1636 - Boston Public Librarylate 1600s - Thomas Bray from England, established the first free lending libraries in the Colonies1731 - Ben Franklin Founded Library Company1812- Thomas Jefferson's collection became the nucleus of the Library of Congress when he sold 6700 books to Congress after the British burned the Congressional Library1833 - The first public library in the US opened in Peterborough, New Hampshire

1883 and 1929 - 2,509 Carnegie libraries were built , including some belonging to universities. By 1930 half the American public libraries had been built by Andrew Carnegie1876 - . Melvil Dewey, Founder of the Dewey Decimal System, and “Father of Modern Librarianship”, helped create the American Library Association 1876- Charles Ammi Cutter wrote Rules for a Dictionary Catalog1887 - The first American school of librarianship opened and was termed School of Library Economy1899 - The Report of the Commissioner of Education showed interest in school libraries1903 - Mary Kingsbury - first high school librarian in US1918 - Standard Library Organization and Equipment for Secondary Schools of Different Sizes adopted by the NEA providing the first school library standards.1927 - Susan Grey Akers' cataloging work set the standard for cataloging practice1928 - The first PhD. in library education earned at the University of Chicago Library School. 1931- S. R. Ranganathan's The Five Laws of Library Science published. Ranganthan also created the Colon Classification system 1945 - ALA adopted School Libraries for Today and Tomorrow1948 - The American Library Association adopts the Library Bill of Rights.

2001 - Laura Bush becomes the first librarian to reside in the White House2001 - Congress passes the USA Patriot Act, which allows for the seizure of library records for foreign intelligence and international terrorism investigations under Section 215.2002 - the great library of Alexandria reopens 1,500 years or more after its demise2005 - Library of Congress announces "Rare Book" digitization project. 2005 - Former SLIS professor Margaret Monroe dies 2006--Henriette Avram, the leader of the Library of Congress team that invented MARC, Machine Readable Cataloging, died2006 - RLG (Research Libraries Group) annouces their plans to combine with OCLC Online Computer Library Center, that they can combine their programs and services to better aid libraries, museums, archives, and other such institutions across the globe.2007 - Amazon.com releases their version of an electronic book reading device in November. The Kindle sold out within the first few hours of its release and Amazon was unable to restock the item until April of 2008.

1949- Public Library Inquiry published 1958 - Congress made federal funds available to school libraries through the National Defense Education Act1960 - AASL prepared Standards for School Library Programs.1961 - The American Library Association added paragraph five to the Library Bill of Rights, which states,"The rights of an individual to the use of a library should not be denied or abridged because of his race, religion, national origins or legal views." 1964 - Federal support for public libraries was provided through the Library Services andConstruction Act.1965-The Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 provided direct federal funds for school library aquisitions.1966 - Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA)replaced LSCA1969 - AASL developed Standards for School Media Program1996-Frances Neel Cheney, Tennessee's most famous librarian dies

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