History of the Israelites

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by lucasirimia
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
Ancient History

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History of the Israelites

Abraham moved his family from Mesopotamia (Ur) to the land of Canaan which he believed was the promise land. He changed his name from Abram to Abraham to mark the covenant in which God promised he would protect Abraham's descendants. This convenant with God was the start of Judaism.

According to the Hebrew Bible, David defeated the giant Goliath and in turn the Philistines promised to be the Israelites’ slaves. David went on to unify the Israelites into one nation. As king he also provided a strong central government. He was a poet and musician and many of the psalms in the Hebrew Bible are attributed to him.

According to the Torah, Moses led his people in the Exodus from Egypt. He went to the pharaoh and asked him to let his people go (who were being used as slaves). When he didn't agree, God sent ten plagues. During the time the Israelites left Egypt, and traveled for 40 years in the desert, Moses met God on Mount Sinai and there he received the Ten Commandments.

Solomon was the son of David. He is most famous for building the Temple ofJerusalem . The Ark of the Covenant was kept in the Temple which was the main reason Jerusalem was considered a holy city. The Temple also served as the center of Jewish worship.

Israelites leave Canaan and move to Egypt due to famine.

Abraham leads his family to Canaan, the promise land.

Moses climbs Mount Sinai and receives the Ten Commandments.

Moses leads his people in the Exodus from Egypt.

David becomes king of the Israelites.

King Solomon builds the Temple of Jerusalem and keeps the Ark of the Covenant there.

History of the Israelites



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