History of the First Thanksgiving

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by nicoleleach
Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World Culture

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History of the First Thanksgiving

The History of the First Thanksgiving

Facts and MythsMyth: The First Thanksgiving was in 1621 and the Pilgrimscelebrated it every year after that.Fact: The first feast wasn't repeated, so it wasn't the start of a tradition.Myth: The Pilgrims wore only black and white clothing.They had buckels on their hats, garments, and shoes.Fact: Buckles did not come into fashion until later in the seventeenth century and black and white were commonly wore only on Sunday and formal occasions.

The Mayflower was the ship that transported the Pilgrimsfrom Plymouth England to the New World. There were 102 passengers and the crew is estimated to be approximately 30 but the exact number is unknown.Mayflower CompactThe Mayflower Compact was the first governing document of Plymouth Colony.It was written by the Separatists, sometimes referred to as the "Saints", fleeing from religious persecution by King James of England. They traveled aboard the Mayflower in 1620 along with adventurers, tradesmen, and servants, most of whom were referred to, by the Separatists as "Strangers".

SquantoTisquantum (January 1, 1585 – November 30, 1622), also known as Squanto, was the Native American who assisted the Pilgrims after their first winter in the New World. He was a member of the Patuxet tribe, a tributary of the Wampanoag Confederacy. During his lifetime, he crossed the Atlantic Ocean six times.Squanto's exact date of birth is unknown but many historians list it as January 1, 1585 or January 1, 1592. He was born somewhere in the vicinity of present day Plymouth, Massachusetts. In 1605, Captain George Weymouth, who was exploring the New England coastline for Sir Ferdinando Gorges, owner of the Plymouth Company captured five members of Squanto's tribe, and took them along with Squanto to England, where Gorges taught him English and trained him to be a guide and interpreter.Squanto returned to New England in 1614 with an expedition led by Captain John Smith. On his way back to Patuxet, Squanto was abducted by Englishman Thomas Hunt, one of Smith's lieutenants. Hunt was planning to sell fish, corn, and captured natives in Málaga, Spain. There, Hunt attempted to sell Squanto and a number of other Native Americans into slavery in Spain for £20 apiece.

Family TaditionMy family gets together to eat and celebrate on Thanksgiving Day.

Plymouth Plymouth holds a place of great prominence in American history, folklore and culture, and is known as "America's Hometown." Plymouth was founded in 1620 by the Pilgrims, passengers of a famous ship called the Mayflower.Plymouth is located approximately 40 miles (64 km) south of Boston, Massachusettes. Throughout the 19th century, the town thrived as a center of ropemaking, fishing, and shipping, and once held the world's largest ropemaking company, the Plymouth Cordage Company. While it continues to be an active port, today the major industry of Plymouth is tourism.


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