[2014] Aviv Solomon: history of russia and israel

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by Broniak
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies
World History

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[2014] Aviv Solomon: history of russia and israel

For the first few generations, the Romanovs were happy to maintain the status quo in Russia. They continued to centralize power, but they did very little to bring Russia up to speed with the rapid changes in economic and political life that were taking place elsewhere in Europe. Peter the Great decided to change all of that. Catherine the Great continued Peter's reforms and made Russia developed European country.The Romanov dynasty was to rule Russia for the next 304 years, until the Russian Revolution brought an end to the Tsarist state.

Yom Ha'atzmaut ("Independence Day") is the national day of Israel, commemorating the Israeli Declaration of Independence in 1948. It is celebrated either on the 5th of Iyar, according to the Hebrew calendar, or on one of the preceding or following days, depending on which day of the week this date falls on. Yom Ha'atzmaut is preceded by Yom Hazikaron, the Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism Remembrance Day. It is the celebration after Yom Hazikaron (in full Yom Hazikaron l'Chalalei Ma'arachot Yisrael ul'Nifgaei Peulot Ha'eivah = Day of Remembrance for the Fallen Soldiers of Israel and Victims of Terrorism") is Israel's official Memorial Day, enacted into law in 1963. While Yom Hazikaron has been traditionally dedicated to fallen soldiers, commemoration has now been extended to civilian victims of political violence, Palestinian political violence, and terrorism in general.

During the reign of Alexander the First, in 1812 Napoleon entered Russia at the head of the largest army ever seen. The most famous battle was the Battle of Borodino. On September 7, the two armies met at Borodino Field. By the end of the day, 108,000 men had died--but neither side had gained a decisive victory. Marchal Kutuzov realized that any further defense of the city would be senseless, and he withdrew his forces, prompting the citizens leaving Moscow. When Napoleon's army arrived, they found a city depopulated and bereft of supplies. To make matters much worse, fires broke out in the city that night. Napoleon ordered his troops to begin the march home. Only ten thousand French soldiers survived.

Germans invaded Russia in June 1941. Stalin was taken by surprise and the Russians suffered heavy losses. Finland, Romania and Hungary assisted the Germans. At first the Germans advanced rapidly and captured a huge number of Russians. However the rate of German advance slowed and by the beginning of December it had 'run out of steam'. The Germans failed to take Moscow and on 5 December 1941 the Russians counterattacked. From that moment Russians only succeded in battles. In April they entered Berlin. The Second World War ended on 8 May 1945. The 'Great Patriotic War' as it was called in Russia caused terrible suffering to the Russian people. Millions of them died.

1825 - 1940


After another century had passed Russia was strong enough to throw off Tatar rule for good when Moscow prince Ivan the Terrible made Russia a unified state. When Ivan the Terrible died in 1584, the "Time of Troubles" began. For the next eight years there were a lot of false relatives of Tsar who laid claims to the throne,. Finally, in 1613, they failed and Michael Romanov was elected as Tsar.

In fact, early Russia was not exactly "Russia," but a collection of cities that gradually coalesced into an empire. In the early part of the ninth century, the leader of the Varangians Rurik who was invited to rule in the city of Novgorod. By 988, Rurik's great-grandson Vladimir I decided to establish a state religion, Greek Orthodoxy.From the 13th till the 15th century Kievan Rus was under control of a new invader--the Mongols. In 1380 a Muscovite prince named Dmitri Donskoy had the audacity to attack them at Kulikovo Field. But it was not the end of Mongol's control.

1941 - 1945

1613 - 1825

At the beginning of the 20th century Russia suffered from two revolutions in 1905 and in 1917 along with World War I in 1914. As the result of revolution of 1917 Bolsheviks headed by Lenin came to power.In the next 20 years significant economic reforms and industrial development were held under the guidance of Bolsheviks.



800 - 1613

The Israeli Declaration of Independence, was made on 14 May 1948, the British Mandate terminating soon afterwards at midnight Palestine time. David Ben-Gurion, the Executive Head of the World Zionist Organization and the chairman of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, declared the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz-Israel, to be known as the State of Israel.

The Six-Day War ,also known as the June War, 1967 or Third Arab–Israeli War, was fought between June 5 and 10 1967, by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. The war began on June 5 with Israel launching surprise strikes against Egyptian air-fields in response to the mobilization of Egyptian forces on the Israeli border.The year 1967 began with confident predictions that it would not bring war. Nasser, it was argued in Israel, had learned the lesson of 1956 and would not start a war unless he was ready. In any case, his relations with Jordan were notoriously bad and a coalition between Nasser and King Hussein was out of the question.Israel won this war, but 776 Israeli soldiers fell in this war. That’s why Israel didn’t count this war as a victory.


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