History of Psychology

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History of Psychology

Rene Descartes (1596-1650)1.) Viewed mind and the body as interactive machines-mind could influence the body and vice versa-allowed for both voluntary and involuntary behavior 2.) Ruled out organs other than the brain as locations of mental functioning3.) Human minds consisted of two kinds of ideas*Innate ideas (ie belief in God)*Derived ideas (all ideas acquired through experiences or reflection)

History of PsychologyPart One

How do our minds work? How do our bodies relate to our minds? How much of what we know comes built in? How much is acquired through experience?

John Locke1.) Empiricist approach- knowledge should be acquired by careful observation2.) Opposed notion of innate ideas-all ideas come from experience or reflection3.) Mind is a "blank slate" (Aristole's tabula rasa) written on by a experience

“the human understanding, from its peculiar nature, easily supposes a greater degree of order and equality in things that it really finds”

“All superstitions is much the same whether it be that of astrology, dreams, omens…in all of which the deluded believers observe events which are fulfilled, but neglect and pass over their failure, thought it be much more common”.



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