History of medicine

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History of medicine

Thomas Jefferson was born on April 13, 1743, in Shadwell, Virginia. He was a draftsman of the U.S. Declaration of Independence; the nation's first secretary of state (1789-94); second vice president (1797-1801); and, as the third president (1801-09), the statesman responsible for the Louisiana Purchase. Jefferson died in bed at Monticello (near Virginia) on July 4, 1826.After Jefferson left Congress in 1776, he returned to Virginia and served in the legislature. Elected governor from 1779 to 1781, he suffered an inquiry into his conduct during his last year in office that, although finally fully repudiated, left him with a life-long pricklishness in the face of criticism.

Events

1803 - In 1803 Thomas Jefferson starts with the fund the expedition for Louis and Clark.1812- 1814- 1814 the U.S declares war on Britain.1817 -James Monroe is elected president1819- the McCullouch V Maryland train happened because spain had finally agreed to cede Florida to the U.S.1850-Millard Fillmore elected Presidentthis was over the interference with American Maritime1805- 1817- 1827- yyyy - yyyy - Event Name

The Revolutionary war is ended, a new century is begun, our first president has passed away and we are the freest society in the modern world. There were probably fewer than 100 medicines used; a firm number is hard to pin down since the first American pharmacopoeia was not published until 1820.The Pharmacopoeia of 1820 consisted mainly of herbal medicines, with few inorganic compounds, such as calomel (mercury), a favorite among regulars. During the Revolutionary War, midwives performed every service any physician of the period could offer, and though the end of the war reined in many midwifery practices, it wouldn’t be long before England attacked the US in the War of 1812 and again their services would be required throughout the cities and countryside. Doctors set out to build up their practices, and offered new life saving techniques, such as delivering babies with the help of forceps that had been popularized in England. As the population of doctors grew, so did their desire to put midwives out of business and take over their practices.Hydropaths believed in the curative powers of water, which, in retrospect, we realize brought a needed bit of personal hygiene into the picture, while the Thomsonian movement put medicine into the hands of the common man. However, Gail Collins, in her book America's Women: Four Hundred Years of Dolls, Drudges, Helpmates, and Heroines, points out that with the end of conflict, the influx of doctors back into society left midwives with little to do beyond delivering babies.In 1806 the first licensing laws were passed in the US, in New York, called the Medical Practices Act. This act allowed the state to license practitioners, which meant that only licensed physicians could recover their fees in courts.It should be noted that when the first medical licensing laws were passed, legalizing only the practice of medicine based on the philosophy of the four humors, that this particular medicine had neither cured nor had it even palliated a single illness.Throughout the 1820s and 1830s Delaware, Mississippi, Vermont, Indiana, Maryland, South Carolina, and Maine all repealed their licensing laws to allow irregulars to practice, and by 1850 Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, Texas, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Missouri had never regulated medicine.

Lasting Impact

The men died from medicine and not the diseases.

Citations

Enter your source list- MLA format- At least one book and one Internet source- Use EasyBib to help you-http://www.mnwelldir.org/docs/history/history03.htm-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gS9IZ0TEa_MAmerica's Women: Four Hundred Years of Dolls, Drudges, Helpmates, and Heroines

The 1800-1850 History of Medicine Project

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Thomas Jefferson

US History 1800 1850 Westward Expansion Rachel


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