History of instructional language use in America

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by thaiterrificteacher
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
American History

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History of instructional language use in America

(1977) Rios v. Read rule that schools must be diverse by including culture.

In 1888, Wisconsin and Illinois adopt new laws of English only education.

In 1800s, western states are settled by Americans, but Indians and Mexicans are excluded from education.

(1839) Ohio adopts bilingual education, in which instruction is given in English and German.

The United States won the Spanish-American war of 1898 and took control of the Philippines and Puerto Rico making the language of instruction in schools English.

(1920s-1970s) The Ku Klux Klan intimidates the French by burning crosses, which leads to The French language being forbidden in schools.

(1931) In California, the case Lemon Grove v. Alvarez decided that segragation was unlawful.

In 1946, the decision from Mendez v. Westminster gives equal rights to all children, making education open for all.

(1917-1918) Iowa bans all use of foreign language in public spaces, which leads to burning of German school books.

In 1923, a federal case called Meyer v. Nebraska ended English only education that was brought to light by a German.

In 1968 many Chicanos in Los Angeles boycott schools because they want bilingual education and Hispanic teachers.

(1968) ESEA provides funds for schools that have bilingual programs.

No Child Lef Behind Act is enacted in 2001 by the Bush administration giving funds to schools with ELLs.

In 1936, New York administers IQ tests for Puerto Ricans and placed the students two to three grade levels below their age level due to their low scores. This led to Puerto Ricans demanding bilingual Education.

(1961) the Cuban Revolution causes many refugees to migrant to the U.S. and demand bilingual education.

Reference: Diaz-Rico L. T. (2012). A course for teaching English Language learners (2nd edition). Boston, MA: Pearson Eduation.

History of instructional language use in America


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