History of Chemistry

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by SelenaStojanovic
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History of Chemistry

The history of chemistry encompasses a span of time reaching from ancient history to the present. By 1000 BC, ancient civilizations used technologies that would eventually form the basis of the various branches of chemistry. Examples include extracting metals from ores, fermenting beer and wine, extracting chemicals from plants for medicine and perfume, rendering fat into soap, and making glass. The earliest recorded metal employed by humans seems to be gold which can be found free or "native". Silver, copper, tin and meteoric iron can also be found native, allowing a limited amount of metalworking in ancient cultures.

History of Chemistry

Ancient History

Greek Period(600 to 300 B.C)

The 1871 periodic table constructed by Dmitri Mendeleev. The periodic table is one of the most potent icons in science, and the most fundamental principles of the field.

Alchemy PeriodAlchemy is recognized as a protoscience that contributed to the development of modern chemistry and medicine.Alchemy are varied, but historically have typically included one or more of the following goals: the creation of the fabled philosopher's stone,transform base metals into the noble metals (gold or silver),development of an elixir of life.Alchemy differs significantly from modern science in its inclusion of Hermetic principles and practices related to mythology, magic, religion, and spirituality.

Democritus, Greek philosopher of atomistic school.

Phlogiston (1650 to 1790)

Greek Philosophers like Plato (347 – 428 BC), Aristotle (322 – 384 BC), Democritus (357 – 460 BC) contributed a lot to the early development of chemistry.

Jabir ibn Hayyan (Geber), considered the "father of chemistry", introduced a scientific and experimental approach to alchemy.

Is an obsolete scientific theory that postulated a fire-like element called phlogiston, contained within combustible bodies, that is released during combustion. The theory attempted to explain burning processes such as combustion and rusting, which are now collectively known as oxidation.

The alchemist and physician J. J. Becher proposed the phlogiston theory.

Modern Chemistry (1790..)

Modern chemistry (an honor sometimes also given Antoine Lavoisier, 1743–94). He performed experiments under reduced pressure, using an air pump, and discovered that volume and pressure are inversely related in gases.

Antoine Lavoisier

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