History of Braille

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by tthomasbcps
Last updated 4 years ago

Language Arts

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History of Braille

Reading Braille

Louis Braille was born in Coupvray, France, on January 4, 1809. He attended the National Institute for Blind Youth in Paris, France, as a student. At that time, books were created using raised print which was laborious to produce, hard to read, and difficult for individuals to write. While attending the Institute, Braille yearned for more books to read. He experimented with ways to create an alphabet that was easy to read with the fingertips. The writing system he invented, at age fifteen, evolved from the tactile "Ecriture Nocturne" (night writing) code invented by Charles Barbier for sending military messages that could be read on the battlefield at night, without light. Learn more about the creation of the braille code by exploring AFB's Louis Braille

Braille is a system of raised dots that can be read with the fingers by people who are blind or who have low vision. Teachers, parents, and others who are not visually impaired ordinarily read braille with their eyes. Braille is not a language. Rather, it is a code by which many languages—such as English, Spanish, Arabic, Chinese, and dozens of others—may be written and read. Braille is used by thousands of people all over the world in their native languages, and provides a means of literacy for all.

What is Braille?

The History of Braille.

Invention facts

Today only 10 percent of blind children are learning Braille.While audio devices are useful sources of information for blind people, only Braille offers complete command of written language.The number of legally blind children in the United States has increased due to several factors, including advances in medical care for premature infants.Most blind children (85 percent) attend public schools where few teachers know Braille.America would never accept a 10 percent literacy rate among sighted children.


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ResolutionBrille increases literacy!


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