history of bikes

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Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Technology
Grade:
11

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history of bikes

Evelution of Bicycles

(the Velocipede or Boneshaker)This time, pedals were put directly on the front wheel. This machine was known as the bone shaker because it was made entirely by wood and later used metal tires but since the roads were mostly stones, it made the rides very uncomfortable but faster than before since pedals were introduced (Jones, 1970).

(the walking machine)Bicycles have been around for many years. In 1817 Baron Drais invented the first bicycles which looked more like a walking machine in Germany; he used it to get to his destinations faster. This machine was known as the hobby horse. It had two wheel which were the same size and it moved by pushing your feet against the ground, gliding walk. This machine was not yet used for transportation on the roads only in pathways near parks for example (“A quick history of bicycles, n.d”)

1817

(The high wheel bicycle)This was the first time the word bicycle was introduced. It had a large front wheel and a small back wheel. It was invented by James Starley. It was a big change from the previous machines because the tires were made out of robber this time for a more comfortable ride and they believed the large wheel in the front would be better because the cyclist would travel farther distance by pedaling less. This bicycle became quite popular among people (“High wheel Bicycles”, 2013).

(Hard-tired Safety Bike)A much improved but similar design as the previous bikes came back; the wheels were the same size and a metal chain connected both wheels and a steerable front wheel for an easier ride. At that point people did not see bicycles as just a way of entertainment, they saw it as a very efficient way of travelling and it was not much long after when they realized that riding bicycles is a great way of exercising and maintaining a healthy life style (“history of the bicycle”, 2012).

(The Pneumatic-Tired Safety)This bike was very similar to the hard tired design except this time the tires are pneumatic for an easier and more comfortable ride since they are flexible. By this time bikes became very popular among men, children and even women. After this, the design of the ordinary bikes did not change much, just some minor differences (“A quick history of bicycles, n.d”).

1865

History

1870

1890

1900s

end of 19th century

end of 19th century/early 2000s

(stationary Bikes)Shortly after people realized that riding on bicycles are good for their health, they invented the stationary bikes. It became quite popular because they did not need to travel far or go through uncomfortable roads and weather conditions since these bikes were meant for indoors and had the same health benefits (“cycling (biking or bicycling)”, 2014).

Not many significant changes were made to bicycles after the pneumatic-tired safety. The major changes were made to make the design safer, better looking and more comfortable. For example flexible springs, changes in the thickness of the tires depending on the purpose and more colors and commercialized bikes. These changes were made to serve the needs of society weather it was for entertainment, transportation or health related reasons (“A quick history of bicycles, n.d”).

references: a quick history of bicycles, n.d. Retrieved from http://www.pedalinghistory.com/PHhistory.htmlhistory of the bicycle, 2012. Retrieved from http://www.all-about-bicycles.com/history-of-the-bicycle.htmlOwens, (October, 2013). Effects of bicycling on the body. Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/481533-effects-of-bicycling-on-the-body/Cycling (biking or bicycling). 2014. Retrieved from http://www.medicinenet.com/cycling_biking_or_bicycling/page7.htmJones, David. (November, 2001). Bicycles-historical outline. Retrieved from http://www.phys.uri.edu/~tony/bicycle/bikehist.htmlHigh wheel bicycles. (August, 2013). Retrieved from http://highwheelrace.jimdo.com/media-press/high-wheel-bicycles/


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