history of baseball

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by roh1298
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
Grade:
6,7,8

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history of baseball

Baseball Moves West

The lure of big money pushed players harder and harder to perform at their peaks. There is only so much conditioning that one can do to obtain an edge without inducing injury. The wearying travel schedule and 162-game season meant that amphetamines, usually in the form of pep pills known as "greenies", had been widespread in baseball since at least the 1960s. In 1991 Fay Vincent, the commissioner at the time, sent out a memo "banning" the use of performance enhancng drugs. But apparently, most managers of the time do not remember the memo, so nobody truly emphasized or enforced the new rule. Today baseball, and every other professional athletic organization, has strict rules and consequences for those that do not follow their substance abuse policy. In the MLB, the first offense results in an 80 game suspension and loss of pay for those games missed. The second offense reults in a 162 game suspension with loss of pay; and if a player tests positive 3 times he then recieves a lifetime ban from baseball.

Early History

1792-1869

A Brief History of Baseball

Professionalism & The Major Leagues

The Steroid Era

1920's

1870

1950's-Present

In 1958 the New York market ripped apart. The Yankees were becoming the dominant draw, and the cities of the West offered generations of new fans in much more sheltered markets for the other venerable New York clubs, the Brooklyn Dodgers and the New York Giants. Placing these storied, powerhouse clubs in the two biggest cities in the West had the specific design of crushing any attempt by the PCL to form a third major league. In 1969, the American League expanded when the Kansas City Royals and Seattle Pilots, the latter in a longtime PCL stronghold, were admitted to the league.The last team move of this time period was in 1972, when the second Washington Senators moved to the Dallas-Fort Worth area and became the Texas Rangers. Baseball would not see another team move until Major League Baseball announced near the end of the 2004 season that the Montreal Expos would begin play in Washington, D.C., in 2005 as the Washington Nationals.

The earliest known mention of baseball in the United States was in a 1792 Pittsfield, Massachusetts. The first team to play baseball under modern rules were the New York Knickerbockers. The club was founded on September 23, 1845, as a social club for the upper middle classes of New York City, and was strictly amateur until its disbandment. The first known competitive game was held on June 19, 1846 between the Knickerbockers and the "New York Nine"; the New York Nine won 23-1. In 1857, sixteen New York area clubs, including the Knickerbockers, formed the National Association of Base Ball Players (NABBP). Aided by the Civil War, membership grew to almost 100 clubs by 1865 and to over 400 by 1867, including clubs from as far away as California. Beginning in 1869, the NABBP permitted professional play; The first and most prominent professional club of the NABBP era was the Cincinnati Red Stockings.

In 1870 a divide between professional and amateur ballplayers formed, leading to the creation of The National Association of Professional Base Ball Players in 1871. This was considered to be the first major league. The professional National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs, which still exists today, was established in 1876 after the National Association proved ineffective. With it's emphasis moving more from players to the clubs as a whole, this began the use of aspects such as player contracts, preventing players from jumping to higher-paying teams whenever they wanted. Clubs were also now required to play their full schedule of games, instead of forfeiting games once they were out of championship contention.

Rube Foster, a former ballplayer with a gift for organization, founded the Negro National League in 1920. A second league, the Eastern Colored League was established in 1923. These became known as the "Negro Leagues." The Negro Southern League formed around the same time, but because of its distance from the East-Midwest power centers, and its poor finances, it remained independent and out of the loop from the other leagues. From 1924 to 1927, these two black 'major' leagues held four Negro League World Series.

Image of Middle ages period

Blacks In Baseball(Negro League)

Today


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