History ISU part one

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by sabrina19980
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
American History

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History ISU part one

Why Residential schools were created

Life at Residential Schools

Residential schools

Residential schools were government sponsored religious schools bulit to assimilate Aboriginal children into Euro-Canadian culture. These schools were built and run by the Government of Canada and the Catholic, Anglican, Methodist, United and Presbyterian churches. Over 150,000 First Nation, Métis and Inuit children attended these schools between 1857 and 1996. You weren't allowed to speak your own language, and if you did you would be severely punished. They also sometimes felt lost, lonely, sad and confused, Aboriginal children between ages 5 and 16 across Canada had to go through all of this. Aboriginal children in residential schools also lost their identity and their sense of belonging. Residential schools main goals were to remove all traces of aboriginal cultures from their lives. Children were faced to apply Christian traditions and abandon their beliefs, values, and ways of worshipping. Aboriginal children studied subjects like cleaness, obedience, respect, honesty, patriolism, and the evils of native life.

Life at residential school was hard for many children.Residential schools operated on a half-day system, in which students spent half the day in the classroom and the other half at work. Children lived in dirty, not healthy conditions. In the schoold their was often not much heating, lighting, or air circulations. Children were given little amounts of food and didn't have proper clothing. Living like this in schools meant that their were many illness', dieases and deaths. Many children in residential schools when speaking their languages were beaten up everyday. Children were being physically abused; included sexual abuse, burning, severe beatings, and electric shocks. Most children also suffered from emotional abuse at school.

Residential schools were created because the government's way of seeing aboriginal people were different in the past. They believed that people who were different should give up their religion and culture and be assimilated into Canadian society. Another reason why these schools were created is because the government believed that the Aboriginal culture needed to be changed so they would do that by teaching children the proper way to act. By changing the children, future generations would lose their culture and become like the rest of Canada's population.

By Sabrina Calvo


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