Historical Biography of Eli Whitney

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by GeniaDillard
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Inventors and Inventions
Grade:
8

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Historical Biography of Eli Whitney

Historical Biographyof Eli Whitney

Video-Eli Whitney

Lasting Impact

While Eli Whitney is best remembered as the inventor of the cotton gin, it is often forgotten that he was also the father of the mass production method. In 1798 he figured out how to manufacture muskets by machine so that the parts were interchangeable. It was as a manufacturer of muskets that Whitney finally became rich. If his genius led King Cotton to triumph in the South, it also created the technology with which the North won the Civil War.

Accomplisments

Birth & Death

Eli Whitney-Born: December 8, 1765, Westborough, MADied: January 8, 1825, New Haven, CTNationality: AmericanBuried: Grove Street Cemetery, New Haven, CTSignificant projects: Interchangeable parts, Cotton ginChildren: Eli Whitney Jr.

A cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds, allowing for much greater productivity than manual cotton separation. The fibers are processed into clothing or other cotton goods, and any undamaged cotton was used for clothes. Seeds may be used to grow more cotton.

While it took a single slave about ten hours to separate a single pound of fiber from the seeds, a team of two or three slaves using a cotton gin could produce around fifty pounds of cotton in just one day.[15] The number of slaves rose in concert with the increase in cotton production, increasing from around 700,000 in 1790 to around 3.2 million in 1850.

Effects in the United States


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