Hinduism

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by BrueningBreannahhs
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Religious Studies
Grade:
11,12

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Hinduism

Rituals

Hinduism

Basic Beliefs:-the vastness of cosmic time-the destruction and rebirth of the universe-respecting the Vedas and other holy scripture-reincarnation-karma & dharma-multiple paths to salvation

-Nishkarmana (the child's first trip out of the house), Annaprasana (child's first taste of solid food), Karnavedha (ear-piercing), and Mundan (first haircut) are all considered very important.-When a child is born, Jatakarma is performed to welcome them into their family. It is performed by putting honey in the child's mouth and whispering the name of God into their ear.

Brahman

Bhraman is the Hindu Trinity, which is made up of the three gods in control of the cosmic cycle.-Brahma, the Creator: the first god in the trinity, Bhrama recreates the universe after its destruction.-Vishnu, the Preserver: the second god in the trinity, Vishnu maintains order and keeps harmony in the universe until it is time for it to be destroyed.Shiva, the Destroyer: the final god in the trinity, Shiva destroys the universe in preparation for its next cycle.

The Cosmic Cycle

-The cosmos go through a cycle of creation, preservation, and destruction that takes place every 4.32 million years.

Religious Texts

The Vedas are the oldest and most important religious documents in Hinduism. There are 4 Vedas: the Rig Veda, the Sama Veda, the Yajur Veda, and the Atharva Veda.

left to right:Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva

10 Disciplines (Laws)

1. Satya (Truth)2. Ahimsa (Non-violence)3. Brahmacharya (Non-adultery)4. Asteya (No desire to possess or steal)5. Aparighara (Non-corruption)6. Shaucha (Cleanliness)7. Santosh (Contentment)8. Swadhyaya (Reading of scriptures)9. Tapas (Perseverance, penance)10. Ishwarpranidhan (Regular prayers)

Karma & Dharma

-the definition of karma is: the sum of a person's actions in this and previous states of existence, viewed as deciding their fate in future existences.-Simply put, if a person does good things in this life, after they die they will be reincarnated as something better than they were in their last life. But if they are a bad person in their previous lives, the opposite will happen.-the definition of dharma is: the principal of cosmic order.-For someone to fulfill their dharma, they must comply with the duties the caste system has set for them to help keep society functioning properly and to grow spiritually.

The Indian Caste System. This plays in with the idea of karma and reincarnation. Hindus are born into their classes and live their entire lives in them, hoping to either get reincarnated into a better class or to escape the cycle of reincarnation alltogether.

Hindu Creation Story


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