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Hinduism

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by yardy1
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Religious Studies
Grade:
6,7

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Hinduism

Hinduism

Relationship with god:Hindus worship one universal god known as Brahman, but there are others forms of this supreme god. This helps to realize that God is everywhere and present in some form in every aspect of life.Founder:Hinduism cannot be traced back to a single founder with a set of ideas. The religion itself is more of a collection of beliefs that have developed over a long period of time.Sacred Texts:Hinduism has four Vedas that are the sacred texts,The Rig Vede, Sama Vede, Yajur Vede, Atharva Vede.The Upanishads are notes on the meaningof Verdic hymns; and are a big part ofHindu teachings aswell.Rituals:There are 3 practices; Worship, Creamation, and Compliance with the rules of the caste system. Hindus devote themselves to their god. They do it by rituals, sculptors, and home shrines. The religion is a way to free their souls from hardships such as illusions, mistakes and disappointments of their everyday lives.Moral Conduct:Dharma means “that which is established or law”. There are four types of Dharma in Hinduism:1.Universal, cosmic law.Laws about the force of nature and subatomic particles.2.Human law. Expression of the body, mind, soul, and feelings.3.Self-Dharma.It is the sum of someone’s accumulated “Karmas”.Orginization:A caste system was created to organize the new society, a hierarchy of four varnas. People are born into the caste of their parents. There is no mobility across caste lines during one's lifetime.Religious Holidays:Many of the holidays are based on the cycle of nature. They mark the change of seasons, celebrate the harvest, and encourage fertility of the land. Others are dedicated to a particular deity. They include a wide variety of rituals, including worship, magical acts, music, dancing, lovemaking, eating, drinking, and feeding the poor. Major holidays are:•Holi- festival of colors and spring (February-March)•Divalli- Celebrats the new year (November)•Raksābandhana- renewing bonds between brothers and sisters (July-August)•Dassera- victory of Rama over demon king Ravana (September-October)•Diwali- festival of lights and Laksmi (September-October)Festivals:Exactly how many Hindu festivals are celebrated is not known, but one scholar of Hinduism has listed more than a thousand different Hindu festivals. The festivals are intended to purify, avert malicious influences, renew society, and bridge over critical moments.Gender Roles:The role of women in Hinduism is often disputed, and positions range from equal status with men to more restrictive roles.The Hindu wife has traditionally been regarded as someone who must at all costs remain pure.

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Location and origin:It is a known fact that Hinduism originated Between 5,000 – 10,000 B.C. And out of the 650 million Hindus worldwide, about 85 percent live in India.

Historically, the spread of Hinduism came via the travels of merchants to other nearby countries from India, the birth place of Hinduism.

Bibliography

The Hindu god Brahman is said to have the personality of three other gods. Lord Shiva(mid. left), Lord Brahma(mid. right), and Lord Vishnu(bottom)

Indian Hindu women kneel in front of Lord Shiva temple as they offer prayers.

Diwali is one of the most important festivals of the year and is celebrated in families by performing traditional activities together in their homes. For Hindus, Diwali marks the attainment of moksha


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