Hinduism-Sonia Vaysbaum

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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Religious Studies
Grade:
8

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Hinduism-Sonia Vaysbaum

THE BEGINNINGHinduism has some roots in an anciet civilization known as the Indus Valley Civilization. This grew between 3500 and 1500BCE and is thought by some historians to have ended at about the same time a grop of nomadic people called the Aryans arrived in India. Hinduism developed from the religious ideas of both of these people. Hinduism is one of the worlds oldest living religions.

The Trinity ( The three main gods are known as that to the Hindus and it means "three forms.")Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are associated with the creation, preservation and destruction of the world. This cycle is hought to happen forever; it has no beginning or end. -Brahma: The creator, who is not usually worshipped, is depicted having four faces. -Vishnu: The preserver, who is said to have come down into the human world in various physical forms, known as avatars. The tenth and last avatar has not yet appeared. It is thought that at the end of the present age, Vishnu will come to Earth as Kalki, rididng a white horse, to destroy the wicked and re-establsih order. -Shiva: The destroyer, but also known as the liberator because it is through destruction that re-creation is possible. Shiva is often portrayed as an awesome figure, with four arms, matted hair, a crescent moon on his head and a snake twined around his neck. Shiva has a third eye in the middle of his forehead, which symoblizes many things, including his wisdom.

3 main gods

Hinduism

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There are over 750 million Hindus in the world today

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.Sacred WritingsMost of all the sacred books were written in Sanskrit, the language of ancient India. The Vedas were passed on my word of mouth for centuries before being wriiten down. -The Vedas were passed on by word of mouth for centuries before being written down. The oldest and most sacred of four Vedas is the Rig Veda. It contains a wide range of sunjects, including tales of the world of the deities. - The Mahabharta has over 100,000 verses and is probably the world's longest poem. It tells a life-long strife between two lines of princes and royal family, resulting in a warin which one line is destroyed. - The Upanishads consist of philosophcal discussions which teach about Brahman and the different ways to earn moksha. - The Ramayana tells the life story of god and goddess Rama and Sita.

Holy scriptures of faith

The Soul and After Life Hindus believe that living things do not have just one life, but are all trapped in an endless cycle cof life, death and rebirth. This cycle is called samsara. Samsara is seen as difficult and pointless, and Hindus hope that they will once get freed from it. Its symbol is the wheel, known as the wheel of life. This wheel of life is kept spinning by karma. -Karma: Refers to a persons actions bad or good. Every action shows reslts in this life and the next. Good actions lead to a better next life and bad actions lead to a life of suffering. Hindus beleive that very bad actions lead to rebirth as an animal or insect instead of a human. Release from the cycle moksha. People can hope to achieve moksha only by trying to replace their ignorance with wisdom. For many hindus the only reality is Brahaman. The rest is illusion.

BrahmanMost commonly refered to an unchanging ultimate reality which many Hindus believe exists beyond the ever changing everyday world.

Two Major HolidaysDiwali: Diwali is a five day festival hat takes place between October and November. It is a time when Hindus worship Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and beauty. The festival also celebrates the return from exile of Rama, accompanied by his wife Sita. Diwali marks the beginning of the new Hindu year. Diwali is often known as the festival of lights. Homes and temples are decorated with small clay lamps call diyas and people set off fireworks to drive away the darkness home of Rama and Sita. Diwali is a time for putting on new clothes, visiting relatives and exchanging cards, presents and sweet foods.Holi: Holi marks the beginning of spring. It celebrates the death of Holika, a wicked women whom legend says tried to kill her nephew for being a follower of Krishna. On the night before Holi, huge bonires are lit and models of Holika are burned. On the day of Holi itself, people remember the pranks that Krishna, as a cowherd, played on the milkmaids. At Holi people take an opportunity to visit and greet eachother.

PujaPuja, which is worshop, may take place inside a temple or a home. Puja at home tends to bring together a whole family

Video on Hinduism

John Green crash course

Click on this link to see citations: http://easybib.com/key/e940ba


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