Hildegard of Bingen

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Hildegard of Bingen

Hildegard von Bingen was born on September 16, 1098, Bermersheim vor der Höhe, Germany 32 songs

Hildegard von Bingen died on September 17, 1179, Bingen am Rhein, Germany

Hildegard of Bingen, also known as Saint Hildegard and Sibyl of the Rhine, was a German Benedictine abbess, writer, composer, philosopher, Christian mystic, visionary, and polymath.

HILDEGARD'S MUSICAL FORMSMost of Hildegard's music was written for the eight canonical hours of the Divine Office. The hours consisted of readings from scripture and singing of the psalms and hymns which gave the monastic an opportunity to encounter God through a specific mood or season of time. Four kinds of musical forms were used in liturgy:ANTIPHONS: Hildegard's largest group of works, usually one-line pieces (sometimes longer) of freely composed text with melody sung before and after a psalm.RESPONSORIES: Hildegard's second-largest group of works, freely composed texts with music sung after a scripture lesson. Often, the chant alternates between solo and group responses.SEQUENCES: Sung during Mass between the Alleluia and Gospel, dramatic pieces or poems full of imagery. Hildegard's sequences do not follow a rhyme scheme.HYMNS: Devotional pieces composed with or without melodic repetition.

Hildegard von Bingen

Hildegard's standout work is a musical play called Ordo virtutum. Written in 1151, Ordo Virtutum is her most extended musical work. Meaning, 'The Virtues,' the sacred musical drama is a morality play with allegorical and human characters, including the happy, unhappy, and repentant souls, prophets, virtues, and even the devil, though he was only allowed to have a spoken part.

Her music is notable for many reasons. She is known for writing songs that were uncharacteristically melodic for this time period. At a time when the church had very strict rules about music, Hildegard was able to creatively and extend musical techniques to compose music that was intriguing, and still fit the church's guidelines. Sher used a wide range of pitches and note leaps were uncharacteristic for the time. She used these techniques to give meaning through musical emphasis of the words. Hildegard's songs are some of the best known and most recorded sacred solos.

Hildegard von BingenShe was a German nun who was known for her visions and prophecies. First written as poems, Hildegard later set her visions and prophecies to music around the year 1140. Hildegard's music was primarily syllabic hymns and melismatic solos, meaning a succession of pitches sung on one syllable as heard in this popular holiday song.

Hildegard was born on the 16th of September 1098 in Bermersheim vor de hohe Germany and passed away on the 17th of September 1179 in Bingen Am Rhein Germany making her 81 years and 1 day old as she died the day after her birthday.

The name of this composer is Hildegard of Bingen also known as Saint Hildegard or Sibyl. She was a famous female music and choral composer, writer, philosopher, visionary and polymath.

Hildegard reigns from the country of Germany in the late 1090's during the time before any of the great music periods.

Hildegard used many different medieval instruments while writing over 150 songs but mainly sang and wrote her songs which are beautiful but difficult to sing and were in Hildegard's words inspired by god himself.

By Amanda Eessa & Bradley Bullivant



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