Heritage of Nature

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by BDBFSG
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Biology

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Heritage of Nature

In Germany there are about 70,000 different animals, plants and microorganisms. Biological diversity is the foundation of all life and of our existence, but this diversity is at risk. More than 7,000 animal species are considered as endangered or even threatened with extinction.

Of the approximately 4,100 known species of plants in Lower Saxony only about half is currently considered unthreatened. This number shows the enormous challenge that the protection of botanical species in Lower Saxony has to face.

Heritage of Nature

Wadden SeaLüneburg HeathHarz Mountain

in Lower Saxony, Germany

The Harz National Park was created in 2006. There are steep mountain ranges, plateaus, cliffs, valleys and gorges.The mountain wilderness offers a home to black stork, lynx, wild cats and other animals. In the highlands you find many rare plants, e.g. mosses that have their origins in northern Europe and that have probably remained in the Harz since the end of the ice age.

Heathlands were widespread in Europe centuries ago. Today they are only rarely found and it requires constant effort to maintain it.The nature reserve Lueneburg Heath is the oldest nature reserve in Germany and the largest conservation area in Lower Saxony.This 5000 years old cultural landscape is shaped by forests and bogs, fields and meadows, heathland streams, rivers and ponds, rare plants and animals.the Heath offers a habitat for a variety of rare animals which are on the Red List and are threatened with extinction.

In June 2009, the Wadden Sea has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage of Humanity.It has a global significance because it is the largest contiguous mudflat worldwide. For shorebirds and waterfowl it is an indispensable habitat on their way to the Arctic. A total of around 10 million birds rest, breed or hibernate here.With approximately 10,000 square kilometers tidal flats, tidal creeks and shallow water, sandbanks, dunes and salt marshes, it is one of the largest natural habitats that we still have in Western Europe.

The work presented in this document is supported by the European Union. The content of this document is the sole responsibility of the author and it does not represent the opinion of the European Union and the European Union is not responsible or liable for any use that might be made of information contained herein."


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