Hepititis B

by Mhargie
Last updated 5 years ago

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Hepititis B

Who discovered it?Dr. Baruch Blumberg discovered the hepatitus B virus. During the 20th century it was considered one of the greatest medical achievements. He won the Nobel Proze in Medicine for his discovery.

HEPATITIS B

When was it discovered?-The virus was discovered in 1967 by Dr. Blumberg and his colleagues. -The first hepatitis B vaccine was invented in 1969

Interesting facts/ Important information-In the United States, about 5% of the people will get the virus hepatitis B.-Hepatitis B is not spread through food or water-An acute hepatitis will only stay in the body for 1-3 months - Fewer than 1 in 20 adults will move from acute to chronic-Hepititis B is not inherited, it is infectious disease that is caused by a virus -Some of those of are infected with hepatitis B virus never fully recover and carry the virus for the rest of their lives-Asians have the highest rate of HBV -Two-thirds of all 400 million chronic carriers live in the Asia

Those who may be at risk are the ones:-Injects illegal drugs-Who is exposed to human blood-Living with someone who is infected-Had sex with more than one partner-Men who have sex with men-have sexual intercourse with a person who is infected

Who does it affect?-It affects all ages around the world-Adults who are infected, 5% to 10% of their children are at risk for lifelong infection. -Chronice HBV infection is major cause of chronic liver disease and liver cancer worldwide-People ages 25-44 is the most common to suffer from the virus in the US.

What are the symptoms of hepatitis B?-Yellowing of the skin or eyes-Jaundice-Itchy skin-Nausea-Loss of appetite-Fever -Dark urine-Vomiting-Extreme tiredness-Stomach or joint pain -Unable to work for weeks/ months-No symptoms -Infect others without knowing it

What is it?It is a disease that is highly contagious virus, that attacks the liver. The virus can lead to liver damage, severe illness, and death.

Is there a vaccine?Yes, it was invented in 1969 by Pablo DT Tralenzuela. The vaccine has been proven to be safe and effected. It protects us from hepatitis B. It takes 3 shots to protect us for a lifetime

How hepatitis B is spread?-Body fluids and blood of an infected person(Semen, vaginal fluid, saliva)-Sharing contaminated needles-Straws, cookers, spoons, pipes-Sharing personal hygiene with an infected person such as razors, nail clippers, razors or toothbrush-Infected mother to a newborn infant- Not properly sterilized equipment for tattoos, piercings, pedicures, manicures-Through saliva not contaminated with blood is uncommon

How many people have been affected by this virus in the recent past? -2 billion people have been infected worldwide with Hepititis B and 400 million people become chronic carriers of the virus.-Today, an estimated one million people have a life long hepatitis B virus infections in the US.- Each year, more than 240,000 people get hepatitis B in the United States-Between 0.7 and 0.9 percent it is estimated in Canada's population is infected with the virus.-0.74 per 100,000 people living in Canada was infected in 2008.

It cannot be spread by:-Coughing- Sneezing-Touching - Shaking hands with an infected person-Using toilet seats-Doornob-Hugging -Dry kissing-Other casual contact

What is the percent survival rate of infection?–90% of adults will get rid of the virus and recover and 10% will become chronic carriers of HBV. It is possible for an adult to become very ill and die due to the virus.-40% of the young children will get rid of the virus and recover without problems and about 60% will become chronic carriers of HBV. -90% of the infants will become chronic carriers of HBV and only 10% have a chanceof getting rid of the virus

BIBLIOGRAPHY-http://www.liver.ca/liver-disease/types/viral_hepatitis/Hepatitis_B.aspx-http://www.digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/hepb_ez/-http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/hcai-iamss/bbp-pts/hepatitis/hep_b-eng.php-http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/bacterial_viral/hepatitis.html-http://www.symptomfind.com/diseases-conditions/hepatitis-b/-http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/B/index.htm

Where is the virus found in the world?It is found all over the world although it is more common in Asia, Africa, Southern and Eastern Europe, Pacific Islands, Middle East, Arctic and even the United States


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