Henri Matisse

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by sonjei
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Arts & Music
Subject:
Artist Biographies
Grade:
8

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Henri Matisse

Discovering ArtHenri first studied law at a school in Paris. He passed and achieved his goal by becoming a law clerk in 1888. Unfortunately in 1898 he was found to have appendicitis. During his recovery his mom felt his son needed to do something, so she gave him art supplies. Matisse ended up loving art and he felt he wanted to become a painter even if his father didn’t approve of his choice. He started to explore art while being told by his mother to start a new style and paint his emotions.

FamilyHenri Emile Benoit Matisse was born on December 31, 1869 at Le Cateau-Cambrésis. He was one of four children in his family. His family did not make much money and they weren’t very wealthy. His father was Heloise Gerars a corn merchant while his mother Emile Matisse was an amateur painter.

The Life ofHenri Matisse

EducationMatisse went to an art school in France named Académie Julien for one year until 1892 when he decided to train at a higher level and went to study under the artist Gustave Moreau at l’École des Beaux-Arts where he explored modern styles of paintings. In 1897 he met with painter Peter Russell who introduced him to the impressionism style of Vincent van Gogh. This changed the way Matisse painted.

FauvismIn the early 1900’s Henri Matisse Invented a new style of painting by using masses of colours that were freely applied. He used colours to express his emotions while the colours had nothing to do with the true natural colour of the thing he was painting. In 1905 Henri Matisse, Maurice de Vlaminck, and Andre Derain, showed this new style to the world which one critic called “fauves” which means “wild beasts”, as a result this new style of painting was called fauvism. Matisse is now considered one of the founders of fauvism. Matisse also cutout colourful pieces of paper to create collages which he sold in a book called Jazz which turned out to be very popular and sell quickly.

Pieces of Art


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