Heart Disease

In Glogpedia

by aleena919
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
7

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Heart Disease

- Chest pain (angina)-Shortness of breath-Pain, numbness, weakness or coldness in your legs or arms if the blood vessels in those parts of your body are narrowed-Pain in the neck, jaw, throat, upper abdomen or back

Heart defects you're born with (congenital heart defects)Coronary artery diseaseHigh blood pressureDiabetesSmokingExcessive use of alcohol or caffeineDrug abuseStressSome over-the-counter medications, prescription medications, dietary supplements and herbal remediesValvular heart disease

HEART DISEASES

Heart disease describes a range of conditions that affect your heart. Diseases under the heart disease umbrella include blood vessel diseases, such as coronary artery disease; heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias); and heart defects you're born with (congenital heart defects), among others.The term "heart disease" is often used interchangeably with the term "cardiovascular disease." Cardiovascular disease generally refers to conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. Other heart conditions, such as those that affect your heart's muscle, valves or rhythm, also are considered forms of heart disease.Many forms of heart disease can be prevented or treated with healthy lifestyle choices.

Risk Factors

Symptoms

Causes of heart disease?

Lifestyle changes. These include eating a low-fat and low-sodium diet, getting at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise on most days of the week, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol intake.Medications. If lifestyle changes alone aren't enough, your doctor may prescribe medications to control your heart disease. The type of medication will depend on the type of heart disease.Medical procedures or surgery. If medications aren't enough, it's possible your doctor will recommend specific procedures or surgery. The type of procedure will depend on the type of heart disease and the extent of the damage to your heart.Lifestyle changes. These include eating a low-fat and low-sodium diet, getting at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise on most days of the week, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol intake.Medications. If lifestyle changes alone aren't enough, your doctor may prescribe medications to control your heart disease. The type of medication will depend on the type of heart disease.Medical procedures or surgery. If medications aren't enough, it's possible your doctor will recommend specific procedures or surgery. The type of procedure will depend on the type of heart disease and the extent of the damage to your heart.

Treatments

What is heart disease?

Risk factors for developing heart disease include:Age. Aging increases your risk of damaged and narrowed arteries and weakened or thickened heart muscle.Sex. Men are generally at greater risk of heart disease. However, women's risk increases after menopause.Family history. A family history of heart disease increases your risk of coronary artery disease, especially if a parent developed it at an early age (before age 55 for a male relative, such as your brother or father, and 65 for a female relative, such as your mother or sister).Smoking. Nicotine constricts your blood vessels, and carbon monoxide can damage their inner lining, making them more susceptible to atherosclerosis. Heart attacks are more common in smokers than in nonsmokers.Poor diet. A diet that's high in fat, salt, sugar and cholesterol can contribute to the development of heart disease.High blood pressure. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can result in hardening and thickening of your arteries, narrowing the vessels through which blood flows.High blood cholesterol levels. High levels of cholesterol in your blood can increase the risk of formation of plaques and atherosclerosis.Diabetes. Diabetes increases your risk of heart disease. Both conditions share similar risk factors, such as obesity and high blood pressure.Obesity. Excess weight typically worsens other risk factors.Physical inactivity. Lack of exercise also is associated with many forms of heart disease and some of its other risk factors, as well.Stress. Unrelieved stress may damage your arteries and worsen other risk factors for heart disease.Poor hygiene. Not regularly washing your hands and not establishing other habits that can help prevent viral or bacterial infections can put you at risk of heart infections, especially if you already have an underlying heart condition. Poor dental health also may contribute to heart disease.

Quit smokingControl other health conditions, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetesExercise at least 30 minutes a day on most days of the weekEat a diet that's low in salt and saturated fatMaintain a healthy weightReduce and manage stressPractice good hygiene

PREVENTION


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