Harriet Tubman

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Social Studies
African-American History

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Harriet Tubman

Harriet Tubman (1820-1913)

1st Grade standards..SS1H1 The student will read about and describe the life of historical figures in American history. a. Identify the contributions made by these figures: Benjamin Franklin (inventor/author/ statesman),Thomas Jefferson (Declaration of Independence), Meriwether Lewis and William Clark with Sacagawea (exploration), Harriet Tubman (Underground Railroad), Theodore Roosevelt (National Parks and the environment), George Washington Carver (science).

Harriet Tubman was born a slave in Maryland as Araminta Ross. She took the name Harriet from her mother at the age of thirteen. Some people believe that she was born in 1820 while others believe her birth year was 1821. Harriet lived the rough life as a slave for years. She did many different jobs on the planatation. In 1849 Harriet Tubman decieded to escape and use the Underground Railroad to do so. The Underfround Railroad was a number of safe homes that slaves used as they made their way north to freedom. Harriet made it to Penneslyvania and was free. In 1850 the Fugitive Slave Act was passed. The act meant that free slaves in the north could be captured and taken back to their owners. Slaves had to then escape to Canada to be free. Harret Tubman wanted to help other slaves and became a condutor of the Underground Railroad leading around 300 slaves to freedom after about ninteen trips from the south. She is most known for helping those slaves escape to freedom using the Underground Railroad.

Books Who was Harriet Tubman?-By: Zeldis McDonough Minty: A Story of Young Harriet Tubman -By: Alan Schroeder& Jerry Pinkney Harriet Tubman -By: Marion Dane Bauer

Lessonshttp://teacher.scholastic.com/activities/bhistory/underground_railroad/http://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/educators/lessons/grade-3-4/Harriet_Tubman_Secret_Messages_Shared_Through_Song.aspxGames and Activities http://www.wartgames.com/themes/people/tubman.html


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