Harlem Renaissance

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Social Studies
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Harlem Renaissance

The Harlem Renaissance was from around 1918 to 1937. It was a time of big advancements in creativity, arts, literature, and culture for African Americans. Though it did not only take place in Harlem, Harlem was the symbolic capital of the movement. This movement would make an identity for African Americans and forever impact African American culture.

Poem:Yet I'm the one who dreamt our basic dreamIn the Old World while still a serf of kings,Who dreamt a dream so strong, so brave, so true,That even yet its mighty daring singsIn every brick and stone, in every furrow turnedThat's made America the land it has become.O, I'm the man who sailed those early seasIn search of what I meant to be my home--For I'm the one who left dark Ireland's shore,And Poland's plain, and England's grassy lea,And torn from Black Africa's strand I cameTo build a "homeland of the free."The free?Who said the free? Not me?Surely not me? The millions on relief today?The millions shot down when we strike?The millions who have nothing for our pay?For all the dreams we've dreamedAnd all the songs we've sungAnd all the hopes we've heldAnd all the flags we've hung,The millions who have nothing for our pay--Except the dream that's almost dead today.O, let America be America again--The land that never has been yet--And yet must be--the land where every man is free.The land that's mine--the poor man's, Indian's, Negro's, ME--Who made America,Whose sweat and blood, whose faith and pain,Whose hand at the foundry, whose plow in the rain,Must bring back our mighty dream again.Sure, call me any ugly name you choose--The steel of freedom does not stain.From those who live like leeches on the people's lives,We must take back our land again,America!-Langston Hughes

Harlem RenaissanceLindsay Platt

Jacob Lawrence:Jacob Lawrence (seen below) was the most famous African-American artist during the 20th century. His most famous pieces f art were the War Series and the Migration Series. He painted life in the perpective of blacks in Harlem, simply on the storefronts or sidewaks. Some of his other work also displays the poverty and crime of Harlem.

Zora Neale Hurston:Zora Neale Hurston (seen below) is best known for her book titled Their Eyes Were Watching God. She became the most well known black woman writer of the first half of the 1900's. She based much of her work on her studies of anthropoloy and helped revive racial culture in the Harlem Renaissance.

During the Harlem Rennaisance, culture was spread through the arts. These incuded novels, poetry, music, dancing, painting, and more. Jazz music grew and became iconic for this time period with musicians and singers like Duke Ellington, Billie Holiday, and Louis Armstrong. Poetry, novels, and paintings became an effective way to express feeling and the perspective of African Americans in this time period of segregation. Heritage, culture and experiences were spread in a way that only the African Americans could relate to eachother.

Poem:Southern trees bear a strange fruit, Blood on the leaves and blood at the root, Black body swinging in the Southern breeze, Strange fruit hanging from the poplar trees. Pastoral scene of the gallant South, The bulging eyes and the twisted mouth, Scent of magnolia sweet and fresh, And the sudden smell of burning flesh! Here is a fruit for the crows to pluck, For the rain to gather, for the wind to suck, For the sun to rot, for a tree to drop, Here is a strange and bitter crop. -Lewis Allan


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