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Gymnastics Injuries

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by sergiomesamedina
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Sports

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Gymnastics Injuries

Gymnastics Injuries

Gymnastics is a sport involving the performance of exercises requiring physical strength, flexibility, power, agility, coordination, grace, balance and control.

Most common injuries

Because the upper body is used as a weight-bearing joint in gymnastics, injuries to the shoulder, elbow, and wrist are common and may include:

-Superior Labrum, Anterior-Posterior (SLAP) Lesions in the Shoulder-Elbow Dislocation-Wrist Sprains

The most common gymnastics injuries to the lower body involve the knee and ankle. Lower extremity injuries usually result from the landing and dismount activities and may include:

-Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury-Achilles Tendon Injury-Lower Back Injuries

WHAT ARE SOME COMMON INJURIES AND TREATMENTS?

Labral TearsLabral tears may occur during any gymnastic exercise, but ring and bar specialists seem particularly vulnerable. It is characterized by pain that initially resolves but tends to recur with return to sport. An MRI can be helpful in establishing a definitive diagnosis.

Wrist SprainsIn gymnastics, the wrist is subjected to forces that can exceed twice the body weight. The first step in treating wrist pain is to reduce the training volume of the athlete, relieve symptoms, and to participate in only pain-free activities. After an injury, gymnasts should avoid extensive pressure on the wrist joint for six weeks.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) InjuryACL injuries can result when a gymnast lands “short” or is over-rotated while tumbling, dismounting, or vaulting.A “pop” may be heard or felt followed by knee swelling with hours. MRI is often used to confirm ACL injury. As with other sports, ACL reconstruction is recommended for gymnasts who wish to return to full sports participation.

Achilles Tendon InjuryGymnasts can suffer from a variety of injuries to the Achilles tendon located just above the back of the heel, as a result of the repetitive stress of jumping and landing.Achilles tendinitis results in calf soreness that is aggravated with jumping and landing. Treatment should initially consist of ultrasound, stretching, activity modification, and calf exercises.

Foot and Ankle InjuriesInjuries to the foot and ankle are common in gymnastics. Acute injuries are usually sprains which can be minor or more serious. Swelling, bruising and tenderness directly over the bones are signs of a more serious injury. Minor injuries typically have tenderness limited to one side of the joint without significant swelling. Serious injuries require evaluation by a qualified professional while return to participation.Protection with taping or a brace can aid recovery and reduce the risk

Lower Back InjuriesThe cause of low-back pain can include muscle strain, ligament sprain, fracture, and/or disc disorders. Frequently, low-back pain will worsen with activity, especially with extension movements, such as arching the shoulders backwards.

Sergio Mesa MedinaLidia Linares ParraLaura Lozano Maldonado


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