Gustav Mahler

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by cchschareesa
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Gustav Mahler

Gustav Mahler was a Bohemian-born Austrian composer and conductor. He was best known during his own lifetime as one of the leading orchestral and operatic conductors of the day. He has since come to be acknowledged as among the most important late-Romantic composers, although his music was never completely accepted by the musical establishment of Vienna while he was still alive. Mahler composed primarily symphonies and songs; however, his approach to genre often blurred the lines between orchestral Lied, symphony, and symphonic poem.

He was best known in his own time as one of the leading Austrian conductors of his day, but is now remembered as an important composer linking the late 19th century with the modern musical period, particularly for his vast symphonies and his symphonic song cycle, Das Lied von der Erde. His third symphony, at approximately 95 minutes, is one of the longest symphonies ever performed, and is currently the longest of all symphonies in the general symphonic repertoire. Also he completed 9 symphonies; his tenth was left incomplete due to his death in 1911.

Citations

Works CitedPBS. PBS. Web. 14 Mar. 2014. .BBC News. BBC. Web. 15 Mar. 2014. ."10 Facts About Gustav Mahler." About.com Classical Music. Web. 15 Mar. 2014. .

Biography

Gustav Mahler - Autopsy of a Genius

1860 July 7 — born in Kalište, Bohemia1870 -plays in piano recital in Jihlava 1875-- begins studies at the Vienna Conservatory1880-- Conductor, Bad Hall Das klagende Lied 1881 1st Kapellmeister, Lyubliana 1883 Conductor, Kassel sees Parsifal in Bayreuth 1885 Conductor, Prague 1886 Conductor, Leipzig1897 becomes a Catholic Director, Vienna Hofoper, until 19071899 buys property in Maiernigg 1900 4th SymphonyParis Tour with the Philharmonic 1902 Marriage to Alma Schindler 5th Symphony 1907 Daughter Maria dies Last performance in Vienna 1909 Das Lied von der Erde Conductor, New York Philharmonic 1911 May 18 dies in Vienna

Gustav Mahler

Key Events

Because he was not only a composer, but an innovative conductor, his methods and techniques survive to the present. . Advocated by both those who had known him, and by a generation of conductors including the American composer-conductor Leonard Bernstein, an audience hungry for the next wave of musical exploration who seemed to be 'large enough' for the times embraced his works. Soon, complete Mahler symphony cycles were recorded and his works became the pinnacle test for many conductors.

Lasting Impact


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