Gustav Ludwig Hertz

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by MarcCarola
Last updated 5 years ago

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Gustav Ludwig Hertz

Gustav Ludwig Hertz was born on July 27, 1887, Hamburg, Germany. His uncle was Heinrich Hertz who studied electromagnetic waves and who the unit of frequency is named after. Gustav graduated from the University of Berlin with a PHD in physics. Hertz is known for his collaboration with fellow physicist, James Franck for receiving the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1925. Hertz and Franck studied the movements of electrons in gases and the impact that these electrons have when they strike an atom. Hertz was married to Ellen Dihlmann. They had two sons who also became physicists. In his later years, Hertz became a member of many scientific academies and published many papers on his study of atomic energy. He retired in 1961 and died on October 30, 1975 in Berlin, East Germany.

Accomplishments

Gustav Ludwig Hertz is one of the world's most important physicists of our time. His dedication in his experiments with atom research has made a very big impact and contribution in the field of quantom mechanics. His work has contributed to today's electronic circuits installed in equipment like computers and televisions. These electronic circuits contain devices that depend on the way electrons behave, just as Gustav proved in his work.

Lasting Impact

Bibliography

Gustav Ludwig Hertz, The Physicist!By: Marc Carola

Biography

Timeline

1887- Born July 22, Hamburg, Germany.1911- Gustav recieved his doctorate from the University of Berlin.1913- Gustav began working with physicist James Franck on experiments of the energy levels of an atom. 1914-1915- Gustav was drafted into the German army but released because he was injured in combat.1919- Marries Ellen Dihlmann1925- Recieves Nobel Prize with James Franck for the Franck-Hertz Experiment.1925- Hertz was made Professor of the Physics Institute of the University of Halle.1945-1954- Gustav was made Professor and Director at the Karl Marx University in Leipzig.1961- Gustav retires.1975- Gustav dies on October 30, Berlin East Germany.

In 1925, Gustav Hertz along with James Franck won the Nobel Prize for Physics for the reseach on the impact that an electron has on the function of an atom.He was awarded the Max Planck Medal of the German Physical Society.He was a member of the German Academy of Sciences in Berlin, a member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and Foreign member of the Academy of Sciences U.S.S.R.

Famous Quote

"This reseach demonstrated the quantitative relations between the series of spectra lines and the energy losses of electrons in collision with atoms corresponding to the stationary energy states of the atom."

Scientist Powtoon

Weber, Robert L., and J. M. A. Lenihan. Pioneers of Science: Nobel Prize Winners in Physics. Bristol: Institute of Physics, 1980. Print.http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Biographies/Hertz_Gustav.htmlhttp://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Gustav_Hertz.aspxhttp://www.famousscientists.org/gustav-ludwig-hertz/


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