Guatemala´s BCD

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by katadak17
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Social Studies

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Guatemala´s BCD

Resource Map

Natural Resourcespetroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, and hydropower.

Major Religions:67% Roman Catholic, 25% Protestant, 8% indigenous Mayan beliefs

Church in main plaza of Xela

Indigenous Women

Guatemala Biocultural DiversityKay Katada Period E Even though it is a fairly small country, Guatemala is a mostly tropical country that has a very large biological diversity which means it has a large diversity of plants and animals, culture, and language. There is a lot of biological diversity, since there are around 735 known species of birds and at least 87 different species of mammals, including about 16 different species of big cats such as jaguars and cougars. There are also many cultures, especially religions. Roman Catholic, this was the influence of , Protestant, and indigenous Mayan beliefs are the a few of the religions in Guatemala. And lastly, there are many different languages. Even though the main language is Spanish, this also because they were colonized by the Spanish, there are also many Amerindian languages, which include Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca, which the people that speak these languages all live in isolated areas such as in the mountain and coastal areas, are some of 23 officially recognized Amerindian languages. Guatemala is a country with many species of animals and plants, different cultures, and languages, which makes this country have a high biocultural diversity.

Challenges to Biocultural Diversity in GuatemalaKay KatadaPeriod E A major issue in Guatemala right now is the environmental problem of deforestation which especially affects the biological diversity. Since Guatemala is very dependent on their natural resources if those resources disappear, then Guatemala’s biocultural diversity will decrease. Deforestation affects the capacity of water the ecosystem can hold and prevent soil erosion and landslides. This causes extreme climate change because the amount of water that evaporates is more than usually because the water just runs off the land. And what makes it worse, is that the government favors policies that covert forests for agricultural and livestock use. 20% of the land is nationally protected, but there are problems with illegal logging for mostly timber an to clear the land for agricultural use. Overall, Guatemala has lost 17% of it’s forests since around 1990 and there is still a large percentage of annual lose of forest area. This affects the environment immensely by causing many species of animals and plants to become endangered or even go extinct. And indeginous people, who might have been isolated by the forests, might become exposed to modern civilization. This will probably force them to change their way of life. Even if this doesn’t happen, the indeginous people might be forced to change because the forest might be the only way to sustain themselves, and if the forests disappear, then their culture might as well. The same problem will be with languages because the indeginous people will be forced to learn Spanish to communicate and they will probably forget their own language. The problem in Guatemala is deforestation, and it is very dangerous to the country’s biocultural diversity.

Guatemala's BCDKay Katada Period E Ms. Brown

Bibliography "Central America and Caribbean :: Guatemala." CIA World Factbook. CIA World Factbook. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. ."Guatemala Economy." Country Reports. Country Reports. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. ."Guatemala Photos." Country Reports. Country Reports. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. ."Guatemala Photos." CountryReports. CountryReports. Web. 14 Dec. 2012. ."Guatemala's Flower." Authentic Maya. Authentic Maya, 2005. Guatemala - Cradle of the Mayan Civilization. Web. 12 Dec. 2012. ."Guatemala's Wild Life." Authentic Maya. Guatemala - Cradle of Mayan Civilization. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. ."Indigenous Women." CultureGrams. ProQuest. Web. 12 Dec. 2012. ."Introduction and Deforestation, Vulnerability and Climate Change." Poverty and Environment in Guatemala. Department of Economics Environmental Economics Unit School of Economics and Commercial Law Göteborg University, 2006. 2. Print.LatinAmericaRJM. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. .Leonard, Nick. "Guatemala Photos." CountryReports. CountryReports. Web. 12 Dec. 2012."Religion." Guatemalans. 2012. Countries and Their Cultures. Web. 12 Dec. 2012. .Stock Map Agency. Stock Map Agency. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. ."Threatened Species." Animal Info - Endangered Animals. 5 Nov. 2005. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. .

Climate Map

"Guatemala Photos." Country Reports. Country Reports. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. . text here

"Indigenous Women." CultureGrams. ProQuest. Web. 12 Dec. 2012. .

Stock Map Agency. Stock Map Agency. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. .

LatinAmericaRJM. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. .

Endangered SpeciesPlants: Lycaste skinneri var albaAnimals:Maya Mouse (Peromyscus mayensis)Guatemalan Myotis (Bat) (Myotis cobanensis)Big Long-nosed Bat (Leptonycteris nivalis)

Religion Graph

Ethnic Groups Graph

Leonard, Nick. "Guatemala Photos." CountryReports. CountryReports, n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2012.

Pigs for sale at the animal market

Open air marketplace in Guatemala.

"Guatemala Photos." CountryReports. CountryReports. Web. 14 Dec. 2012. .


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