Guatemalan Music

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Guatemalan Music

- Manuel Jose de Quiros: He was the Chapel Master of a Catholic Church, and was responsible for the education of music apprentices and choirboys, in addition to conducting music for church services. He was the first Western-European trained composer to receive a critical review of his composition.- Rafael Antonio Castellanos: His works bridged the Baroque and Classical Eras. He was well known for his incorporation of Guatemalan folk melodies into his compositions in the classical style.

Significant Musicians:

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Imported and Native Instruments:

- Marimba: Unknown whether or not it was from Guatemala or brought over to the country by slaves. This instrument was ideally made in Guatemala because of the availability of wood. The marimba was encouraged in sacred music.- Chinchines and Sonajas: related to maracas and rattles, and many kinds of drums.- tortuga: turtle shell drum, this was used alongside higher and lower pitched drums such as the primero, segundo, huehuetl, and tunkul.- Aerophones: tzu, tzicolaj, and ocarina, all are types of flutes, and the chirimia, which is like an oboe.

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Gaspar Fernández (1566-1629):

Guatemalan Music:

History of Guatemal:

Pedro de Alvarado was sent by the spanish explorer, Cortes, to conquer GUatemala in 1524. After a civil was, rapidly-spreading diseases from Europe, and rebellion from the natives, Alvarado finally succeeded in conquering Guatemala in 1528. The Kingdom of Guatemala was established in 1542 and consisted of Chiapas, Costa Rica, and El Salvador. It existed as a part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The Capital of Guatemala was Santiago Guatemala and was moved to Guatemala City after a major earthquake in 1773.

Guatemala was influenced by Europe before any other countries in the New World. The music was influenced at first by Spanish missionaries who brought with them sacred music in the Spanish and Flemish styles. The Western European style developed very soon after their influence. The first account of choral singing in the Western European style was performed at the first cathedral, the Guatemala City Cathedral. Both plain song and polyphony were being cultivated in the cathedral.

European Influence:

He was a portuguese composer and organist. He played in the cathedrals of Santiago de Guatemala. He compiled various choir books containing Roman Catholic liturgical polyphony. He was hired on 16 July 1599 as organist and organ tuner of the cathedral of Santiago de Guatemala. He later, left Santiago de Guatemala on 12 July 1606, and began his tenure in Puebla on 15 September. He remained there until his death in 1629. He greatly influenced the music in the Catholic churches in Santiago Guatemala.


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