Guatemalan music between 1600-1800.

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by elsteele12
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Arts & Music
Subject:
Music
Grade:
12

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Guatemalan music between 1600-1800.

History

Manuel Jose de Quiros-Born in the late 1600s, Quiros had a music apprenticship as a young man. He served as a chapel master at the Guatemala City Catherdral from 1738 until his death in 1765. His resonsibilites as chapel master was the education of music apprentices and choir boys and conducted the music for church services. He was a composer and the first Western-European trained composeer to recieve a critical review of his composition. He wrote villancicos, cantatas, and sacred songs.

Guatemala was invaded by Spanish explorer Cortes in 1524. The kingdom of Guatemala was established in 1542 and existed as part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain and there was a major earthquake in 1773 and also the increase in exports were both important events. Guatemala was introduced to the European style before the rest of the New World.

Native & Imported musical instruments

Idiophones:Chinchines and Sonajas- these are related to maracas, rattles and many kinds of durms

Guatemalan music between 1600-1800

Significant Musicians

Guatemala music was first spreas by Spanish missionaries. They brought sacred music with them in Spanish and Flemish styles. In 1534, the first cathedral, the Guatemala City Catherdral was founded and there was accounts of both plain song and polyphony that was being composed in the cathedral

Aerophones:The tzu, tzicolaj, and ocarina- all types of flutes with various numbers of finger holes Chirimia-is similar to an oboe.

Membranophones:The tortuga(turtle shell durm) was used alsongside higher and lower pitched durms and drums made of wood.

Chordophones:There is evidence that these which are similar to violines were used but are no longer played by Guatemalan folk music and there is little information about them.

European Influence

Biography

Rafael Antonio Castellanos-Born in 1725, was a significant Guatemalan Composer and de to his life span, his works bridged the Batoque and Classical Eras. Castellanos was well known for his incoportation of Guatemalan Folk melodies into his compostions in the classical style. He took over the postion of chaple master after Quiros died. He was a prolific composer and over 175 of his compostions survived.

Pedro Bermudez(1558–1605)Spanish musiian born in Granada in 1558. He recieved training in Granada with the maestro di cappella Sanos de Aliseda. In 1597, he held the post of choirmaster at the Cathedral of Cuzco. He later traveled to Guatemala where he also served as maestro di cappella of the Cathedral. Years later he would occupy the same post in Puebla. In 1603, the maestro di cappella Luis Mendes took over the teaching of the children in the choir of the Cathedral of the city, suggesting a possible disease of Bermudez prevented him continue with his work until his death around 1605. Bermudez composed a collection of sacred works and his style was polyphonic and agile, and his compositions were regularly used in the religious ceremonies of the churches in Latin America.Most of the works of Bermudez are preserved in the four books of choir that owns the Cathedral of Guatemala


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