Group 7 Period 4 Greek Playwrights

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by rlrainey
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Language Arts
Subject:
Writers Biographies
Grade:
10

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Group 7 Period 4 Greek Playwrights

Significant Greek Playwrights (Aristophanes,Euripides, and Aechlyus)

Aristophanes

Aeschylus

Euripides

Aeschylus was born in a city near to Athens called Eleusis in 525 BC and lived to 456 BC. Aeschylus was a Greek Dramatist and one of the earliest tragic poets along with Sophocles and Euripides. Aeschylus’s other title was “The Father of Tragedy”. in his time, Aeschylus wrote about 76 plays but only 7 were modernized. the earliest surviving play was “The Persians” performed in 472 BC. most if not all of his plays were performed in trilogies. Aeschylus is most famous for the way he revolutionized plays in Greek history. instead of there being only one main character in the play, Aeschylus introduced the idea of there being two or more characters within the play. he also attempted to have the chorus interact with the play and give commentary. all of his works had strong religious and moral emphasis. The plays usually consisted of human relations to God(s) “God lends a helping hand to the man who tries hard” (Aeschylus), divine law “Memory is the mother of all wisdom” (Aeschylus), and divine punishment “Wisdom comes along through suffering” (Aeschylus). For example, the Oresteia trilogy. this particular trilogy focuses upon the curse of the House of Atreus.

The playwright Euripides was considered one of the three great greek tragedians of classical athens. He was born on Salamis Island close to 484 BC, and died in Macedonia close to 406 BC. One of the more common sayings of his was “leave no stone unturned.” His works and plays generally included ordinary people that were placed into extraordinary situations and focused on the oppressed, like slaves and women. Euripides gave society real men with too many of their own problems and flaws, unlike other playwrights of the time.Due to the unique nature of Euripides’ works, the common man from ancient greek society could relate to his plays. Euripides’ focus on the individual motives and lives of his characters, this was something foreign to Greek culture and didn’t catch on until after the playwright’s death, and was due to his works.

Aristophanes, son of Philippus was born in 446 BC. He was a comic poet and was popularly referred to as “The Father of Comedy,” “Comedy too come sometimes discern what is right” (Aristophanes). His plays were mainly about the problems in Athens during that time and were then performed at festivals to be voted on by the people. Only eleven of his forty plays still remain. Aristophanes arranged all of his remaining plays in its own year so people would be able to keep track of them easier.Aristophanes most famous play was Lysistrata which was first introduced in 411 BC. Lysistrata turned out to be one of the most outstanding comedies in Greece to ever be released. Aristophanes is said to “recreate athenian life greater than any other author.”

Bibliography works cited

"Aeschylus." Aeschylus. University Press Inc., n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2014. ."Aeschylus." New World Encyclopedia, . 26 Aug 2012, 18:47 UTC. 8 Oct 2014, 22:35 ."The Internet Classics Archive | Works by Euripides." Works by Euripides. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Oct. 2014. ."Euripides." Bio.com. A'E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 09 Oct. 2014. .Damen, Mark. "309: Old Comedy, Classical Drama and Theatre." 309: Old Comedy, Classical Drama and Theatre. N.p., 2012. Web. 08 Oct. 2014.

Video on Greek Drama and the "Three Greek Tragedians"

484 BCE Euripides is born.

525 BCE Aeschylus is born

446 BCE Aristophanes is born.

Period 4 Group 7- Roy Rainey-Christina Gorman-Dylan Mahoney-Madi Durham


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