Gregor Mendel

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Gregor Mendel

Gregor Mendel

Gregor Mendel was born on July 20, 1822 in Heinzendorf, Austrian Silesia , now Hynčice, Czech Republic. He was born to Rosine and Anton Mendel.

Gregor Mendel was taught at Troppau where he graduated in 1840 and also graduated the University of Palacký, Olomouc in 1842. Gregor attended the University of Olmütz where he graduated in 1843. Mendel went to the School of Hynčice/Heinzendorf, and the University of Vienna, where he graduated in 1851. He also went to the Brün Theological College and the Brün Philosphical College and graduated in 1847. .

Gregor Mendel was the son of a gardeners daughter and a peasent farmer. He grew up on a farm, so that meant lots of work, but not a lot of money. Gregor wasn't an only child, so he got to share his work with his two sisters, Veronica and Therisia Mendel. Just because Mendel worked on a farm doesn't mean he's not smart, in fact, when he graduated school in 1840, he graduated with honors.

Gregor Mendel started his pea experiments around 1854. While he was working on his experiments, Mendel got deppressed, so he stopped his research for a couple of years. He also took a teaching-certificate exam, but failed it, not only once, but twice. Gregor also never got married and never had children.

Mendel conducted research within the gardens of the Abbey of Saint Thomas in Brno, Austria. He conducted his experiments by choosing obvious opposite pea plants (tall, dwarf, yellow pea pod, green pea pod, etc.) pollinating them by hand, then cutting off the anthers to make sure they won’t self pollinate. Gregor then recorded how many offspring out of total offspring of the tall and dwarf mix plants had the tall trait and how many had the short trait. He did this for all the mixes. Then, Mendel bred the offspring together to see what the second generation traits would be. This created the laws of genetics.

During Gregor Mendels life, he had many different occupations. At one time he was a Friar, and at another time, he was a Priest. Gregor taught at the Abbey of Saint Thomas, giving lectures about genetics and heredity. Mendel was also an Assistent teacher, but then became a Monk.

Gregor Mendel was involved in lectures about pollination, so that may have sparked an interest. He also chose pea plants above all other plants because they had easy to open flower buds, they quickly pollinated, and it is easy to make sure they don’t self-pollinate when you don’t want them to.

Gregor Mendel was best known for his studies of genetics. He grew different pea plants in a garden, cross breeding distinctly different plants. with these experiments, Gregor came up with the laws of genetics. The first law was the law of segregation, in which every individual contains a pair of alleles for each particular trait which separate during cell division for any particular trait and that each parent passes a randomly selected allele to its offspring. The second rule is the law of independent assortment, which states that separate genes for separate traits are passed independently of one another from parents to offspring. The third law is the law of dominance which states that recessive alleles will always be masked by dominant alleles.

Gregor Mendel died on January 6, 1884, Brno, Austria.He died at age 62, which was pretty long back then because of all the diseases.


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