Greek Origins

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by RavenCaster
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Ancient History
Grade:
4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

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Greek Origins

PoseidonPoseidon reflects way Ancient Greeks viewed seas and oceans which they relied for trade. Posideon depicted as god prone to violent outbursts occuring almost without warning. Similar to how calm sea can quickly give way to stormy, swells. Also reflect importance people placed upon sea as provider and pathway to trade. Though Greeks worshipped and respected Poseidon, places to worship Poseidon always located outside city walls, too violent and unpredictable for ordinary city life

Greek God Origins

AresGenerally described as bloodthirsty, cruel and a troublemaker, Ares was not a popular god. However, the people of ancient Greece saw war as an unpleasant but unavoidable fact of life. While they valued bravery and heroism, they also saw hate, pain and rage also involved in battle. Ares represented brutal battle-lust. Note that Athena often bests Ares, which shows the importance the Greeks laid on honor over rage

HermesAthletics was very important to Greek men, and associated with Hermes. Through his ways of being able to talk himself out of the trouble he often gets into and the respect the other gods give him, it shows the Greeks also valued cunning and eloquence

ZeusSome earliest accounts of Zeus appear in writings of Homer Hestiod. Homer called Zeus father of gods and man but term father reffered more to Zeus' authority then to parenthood. Zeus did father some gods, many others were his brothers or sisters.. Although ruled many aspects of earthly affairs and human life, Zeus not a creator god.

HadesIn Ancient Greece, Hades generally feared enough that his name was not often spoken out loud. Instead, the name Pluton was used and understood as more positive substitute. However, fear did not translate to worship; Ancient Greeks built no known temples to honor Hades. The Greek's treatment of Hades reflects attitude toward the afterlife: did not view the afterlife as something glamorous, fun, or beautiful, but as something dark and frightening

DionysusOne theme is the hostility that Dionysus faces both from Hera and the inhabitants of places he visits. He is often viewed as an outsider or foreigner, which is a reflection of his origins outside of Greece. The second is the association of Dionysus with madness. This may also symbolize the loss of control with drunkenness."

ApolloApollo respresents the light, meaning the sun and the light of reason and intellect. Apollo's popularity shows how important learning and the intellect were to Greeks. They valued their soldiers, but they also valued their thinkers. Philosophers, inventors, scientists and artists all had places of honor in Greek history. Scholars think Apollo's original role could have been as protector of herdsmen and shepherds. Often pictured holding a Lyre, which is a type of harp, and shepards were known for playing music. Apollo known as god of music, archery, and medicine came after his Oracle.

HephaestusThe fact that Hephaestus is mocked for his disability is a reflection of the importance the ancient Greeks place on physical perfection. Physical deformity or disability in a baby was seen as something a family should be ashamed of, or a mark of the gods' disfavour. In fact, throughout ancient Greece, deformed newborns were killed.


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