greek gods

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by Igorangelo
Last updated 9 years ago

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Social Studies
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Ancient History

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greek gods

Greek Gods

In the Beginning, there was Chaos...

The Greek Creation myth begins with the god Chaos, who represents the deep void of space. This primordial god, Chaos is said to have given birth to five children: Gaia (Earth), Tartarus (Underworld), Nyx (Night), Erebus (Darkness/Shadow), andEros (Love). It was from these children that the physical world started to piece together. More importantly, however, these children are noted for being the first generation in the geneaology of the Greek gods.

Of the children that werethe products of Chaos, Gaia had formed a mutual relationship with the sky-god, Uranus. This god which represented the starry heaven was to cover Gaia on all sides and to be an ever certain dwelling place for the blessed gods. Together, the couple conceived the 10 Titans: Oceanus, Hyperion, Iapetus, Theia, Crius, Coeus Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe, Tethys, and Cronus. In addition, Gaia also gave birth to the Cyclopes [giants] (Brontes, Steropes and Arges) and the monsters (Cottus, Briareus and Gyges) who had a hundred arms and fifty heads each. Uranus regarded the monsters as his worst children, so he concealed them in the depths of the ocean, never to see the daylight again.

Despite Uranus being delighted in burying his children, his wife Gaia did not take this decision too well and vowed to plot against him. After creating grey steel and forging it into a great sickle, she asked which of er children whould go forth to overthrow their father. All became terrified, except for Cronus who agreed to perform the deed, since he hated his father from the beginning. That night, as Uranus lay beside Gaia, Cronus took the sickle and castrated his father. Then, Cronus threw the worthless genitals out into the ocean where the currents carried the immortal flesh to Cyprus. It was there that a mysterious white foam arose from the waters and from them, appeared the beautiful goddess Aphrodite. With the death of his father Uranus, Cronus became the chief of the gods known as Titans and brought forth a remarkable condition known as the Golden Age of Cronus.

Cronus, now the leader of the immortal gods, married his sister, Rhea and together they bore 6 glorious children: Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, Poseidon, and Zeus. However glorious as they may be, Cronus feared that one day a son of his shall overthrow him just as he did to his father. So from that day forth, as each child was born, Rhea would the baby in a blanket for Cronus to swallow, that way, Cronus would no longer have to fear being defeated by his offspring. Rhea became increasingly upset with her husband's actions that she wrapped a stone in a blanket for Cronus, pretending that it was the last of his children. Meanwhile, the youngest child Zeus, was being nourished by his grandmother Gaia on the island of Crete. Years had passed and Zeus entered his father's domain disguised as traveller and offered Cronus and emetic which he drank. Instantly, Cronus vomited the stone that he swallowed last and it landed in a sacred place named Delphi and symbolised a sign from heaven to mortals from that day forth. Later Cronus vomited the rest of his children fully grown and Zeus released the monsters Briareus, Cottus and Gyges from the depths of Tartarus to fight for him. The brothers and sisters of Zeus also joined the fight with their brother and they set up their base on Mount Olympus. Zeus would be the new leader of these 12 Olympians and also the chief of the gods. This was the start of the war between the Titans and Olympians.

The Golden Age

The Olympians, led by Zeus, consisted of Zeus (the god of thunder and of the sky), Hera (goddess of women and marriage), Poseidon (god of the sea and earthquakes), Athena (goddess of wisdom and justice), Ares (god of war and bloodshed), Demeter (goddess of vegetation and fertility), Apollo (god of music, plague, oracles and medicine), Artemis (goddess of hunting and of the moon), Hephaestus (god of technology and volcanoes), Aphrodite (goddess of love, lust and beauty), Hermes (god of commerce, travellers and sports), and Dionysus (god of wine, theatre and ecstasy).

The PlanetsJupiter: The Bringer of JollityGustav Holst

The PlanetsSaturn: The Bringer of Old AgeGustav Holst

The Cosmic Warrior

The PlanetsMars: The Bringer of WarGustav Holst

Ages of Man:

Golden Age

Silver Age

Bronze Age

Heroic Age

Iron Age


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