Greek Architecture

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by Katherinem24
Last updated 6 years ago

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Greek Architecture

Effect of Greek Architecture on Modern day Homes

Do you see the similarities?

One of the first Greek Revival buildings was the Second Bank of the United States built in 1819 and 1824 in Philadelphia.

HistoryGreek Revivals were popular in the 1830s through the 1860s. Americans were fascinated with the idea of all things classical. Most people viewed the U.S. as the natural heirs to the ancient Greeks, who invented democracy. American architects began making many buildings into small Greek temples.

Column StylesGreek architecture included many different styles:Doric was a type of column and was the most simple and the oldest of the styles. It had fluted sides, a smooth rounded top, and no base. Ionic was also a type of column and had scroll-shaped ornaments on the capital. Corinthian was a type of column as well and it is the most recent. I has an intricate top and it was influenced by Egyptian columns, and it has a similiar base to the Ionic column.

Parts of Greek ArchitectureGreek buildings had many different aspects to them:A pediment is the inner section of the triangle-shaped roof. The cornice is the top edge of the building.The frieze is an ornamented band or strip on the building.The architrave is under the cornice and frieze resting above the capitol of the column. The entablature is the section containg the cornice, frieze, and architrave.Dentils are small rectangular blocks under the cornice. The cupola is the rounded roof or ceiling. A Caryatid is a draped female figure supporting an entablature. An arch is a curved structure usually over an opening. A Keystone is the wedge-shaped piece at the top of an arch that locks the other pieces in place.

The basic principles of Greek architecture are the golden ratio and symmetry. The golden ratio is equal or to five-thirds. It was used in Greek buildings very often. Symmetry is another basic principle in Greek archtecture. The greeks wanted the sides of the building to be exactly the same. If the building were to be cut in half they wanted the halves to be identical.


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