Great Zimbabwe

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by flobeen
Last updated 8 years ago

Social Studies

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Great Zimbabwe

Great Zimbabwe

Modes of transport used for trade

Map showing land area and trade routes

Daily Life

- morality rate was low- king was good and held order- bones were found and it has been researched that there was a lot of meat around in those days- no slavery

Goods imported and exported

- Power and wealth partly founded on their strategic position on the edge of the central plateau- Grain and other crops were produced in the middle/high velds- Large cattle herds were produced in the low velds- Well positioned to control trade routes to the Indian Ocean coast for the export of gold and other resources of the Southern Plateau- Long distance contact was made with Asia and the Middle East through the Indian trade routes.

- Religion played a very important role in the rise, development and expansion of Great Zimbabwe as a political centre.- Religion was a unifying force in the state and the rulers were believed to be divine beings with divine powers. - The king surrounded himself with diviners and traditional doctors who created the most frightening myths and legends about the king’s extraordinary powers.- The king also patronized clan and territorial spirit mediums who lent spiritual legitimacy to the state. - The people believed in a supreme God called Mwari who had powers over rainmaking, agricultural fertility and illness and everything. This communication with God was through a medium, which in most cases was a chosen person.- The generally wet microclimate at Great Zimbabwe and its surroundings was attributed to the powers of Mwari.- Performed religious ceremonies such as rainmaking

- The Shona people settled on a fertile, well-watered plateau between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers in modern Zimbabwe, so they probably had to travel on boats - Great Zimbabwe stood near an important trade route linking the goldfields with the coastal trading city of Sofala, which they eventually took over. They had to travel by land so they either traveled on foot or by horse back. - They traded with countries around the Indian Ocean and China, which shows that they had to have traveled by boat.

Political/social structure

Spread of religion and ideas

They had ruler/leader, clans and families.Noble and commoners: noble - high status commoners - not wealthy, no power

- Also formed land routes to the East African coast- Imported things such as glassware, china and cloth- Exported things such as copper, gold and ivory- Arab and Swahili merchants plied these routes with merchandise such as glass beads, cloth, Chinese celadon and blue-on-white porcelain vessels.- More often the Swahili relied on local African middlemen known as vashambadzi who took their goods far into the interior. - These goods were bartered with gold, ivory and animal skins.

Florence Been07/03/2014


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